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Barnett A. Rattner   

USGS-Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
Beltsville Laboratory
c/o BARC-East, Building 308
10300 Baltimore Avenue
Beltsville, MD 20705

Photo of Barnett A. Rattner

Telephone: 301-497-5671

Fax: 301-497-5624



Primary Responsibilities: 
Dr. Barnett Rattner is an ecotoxicologist. He conducts hypothesis-driven laboratory and field investigations, risk assessments and scholarly evaluations on the toxicity of legacy and contemporary pollutants (industrial contaminants, metals, pesticides, petroleum crude oil) to wildlife and the environment. His current focus is on exposure and adverse effects of flame retardants and pharmaceuticals, comparative toxicology, non-target secondary poisoning associated with rodenticides, alternative testing methods, and screening-level risk assessments. Dr. Rattner actively represents the DOI as a member of the Interagency Testing Committee of the Toxic Substances Control Act and the Interagency Coordinating Committee for the Validation of Alternative Methods, and serves as a special consultant to the Fish and Wildlife Service on issues related to nontoxic shot used in hunting. He has published over 100 articles, co-edited three reference texts, and serves on several journal editorial boards.

B.S., University of Maryland, 1972 - Zoology 
M.S., University of Maryland, 1974 - Zoology, Developmental Biology 
Ph.D., University of Maryland, 1977 - Zoology, Environmental

Areas of Expertise/Interest: Wildlife Toxicology; Risk Assessment; Physiology

Authored over 100 publications, co-edited two books (Handbook of Ecotoxicology, Ecotoxicology of Wild Mammals), and made over 150 presentations at scientific meetings, work shops and symposia.

Compiled two widely used internet-accessible ecotoxicological databases (Contaminant Exposure and Effects—Terrestrial Vertebrates database, Biological and Ecotoxicological Characteristics of Terrestrial Vertebrate Species Residing in Estuaries).

Serves as Terrestrial Editor of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, and serves as an Editorial Board member of the Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, and Outlooks on Pest Management.

SETAC Government Service Award 2007

President, Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry - North America 2012

Active Projects: 

Development of a physiologically-based pharmacokinetic model for the rodenticide diphacinone in American kestrels and eastern screech owls

Toxicity of the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug diclofenac to New World vultures

Toxicity of polybrominated diphenyl ether flame retardants to avian embryos

Contaminant exposure and potential reproductive effects in ospreys nesting in Chesapeake and Delaware Bay

Applying a bioassessment and monitoring framework for public lands and trust resources in coastal and estuarine habitats of the United States

Contaminant-related activities and synoptic reviews in support of client agencies in the Department of the Interior

Technical assistance to the Fish and Wildlife Service on alternative shot


Rattner, B.A., R.S. Lazarus, J.E. Elliott, R.F. Shore, and N. van den Brink. 2014. Adverse outcome pathway and risks of anticoagulant rodenticides to predatory wildlife. Environmental Science and Technology 48: 8433-8445.

Rattner, B.A., K.E. Horak, R.S. Lazarus, D.A. Goldade, and J.J. Johnston. 2014. Toxicokinetics and coagulopathy threshold of the rodenticide diphacinone in Eastern screech-owls (Megascops asio). Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 33:74-81.

Rattner, B.A., R.S. Lazarus, G.H. Heinz, N. Karouna-Renier, S.L. Schultz, and R.C. Hale. 2013. Comparative embryotoxicity of a pentabrominated diphenyl ether mixture to common terns (Sterna hirundo) and American kestrels (Falco sparverius). Chemosphere 93:441-447.

Rattner, B. A., K. E. Horak, R. S. Lazarus, K. M. Eisenreich, C. U. Meteyer, S. F. Volker, C. M. Campton, J. D. Eisemann, and J. J. Johnston. 2012. Assessment of toxicity and potential risk of the anticoagulant rodenticide diphacinone using Eastern screech-owls (Megascops asio). Ecotoxicology 21(3):832-846. abstract

Franson, J. C., L. L. Lahner, C. U. Meteyer, and B. A. Rattner. 2012. Copper pellets simulating oral exposure to copper ammunition: Absence of toxicity in American kestrels (Falco sparverius). Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 62(1):145-153. abstract

Rattner, B.A., K.E. Horak, S.E. Warner, D.D. Day, C.U. Meteyer,  S.V. Volker, J.D. Eisemann, and J.J. Johnston. 2011. Acute toxicity, histopathology, and coagulopathy in American kestrels (Falco sparverius) following administration of the rodenticide diphacinone. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 30(5):1213-1222. abstract

Rattner, B. A., A. M. Scheuhammer, and J. E. Elliott. 2011. History of wildlife toxicology and the interpretation of contaminant concentrations in tissues. Pages 9-44 in W. Nelson Beyer and James P. Meador, editors. Environmental contaminants in biota : interpreting tissue concentrations. 2nd edition. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL. xv, 751 pp. (details)

Rattner, B.A., K.E. Horak, S.E. Warner and J.J. Johnston. 2010.  Acute toxicity of diphacinone in northern bobwhite: effects on survival and blood clotting.  Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 73:1159-1164. abstract

Sparling, D.W., B.A. Rattner and J.S. Barclay. 2010. The toll of toxics: investigating environmental contaminants. The Wildlife Professional 4: 24-30.

McKernan, M.A., B.A. Rattner, J.S. Hatfield, R.C. Hale and M.A. Ottinger. 2010. Absorption and biotransformation of polybrominated diphenyl ether DE-71 and DE-79) in chicken (Gallus gallus), mallard Anas platyrhynchos), American kestrel (Falco sparverius) and black-crowned night-heron (Nycticorax nycticorax) eggs.  Chemosphere 79:100-109. abstract

Rattner, B.A. 2009. History of wildlife toxicology. Ecotoxicology. 18:773-783. (abstract)

McKernan, M.A., B.A. Rattner, R.C. Hale and M.A. Ottinger. 2009. Toxicity of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (DE-71) in chicken (Gallus gallus), mallard (Anas platyrhynchos), and American kestrel (Falco sparverius) embryos and hatchlings. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 28:1007-1017. (abstract)

Rattner, B.A., M.A. Whitehead, G. Gasper, C.U. Meteyer, W.A. Link, M.A. Taggart, A.A. Meharg, O.H. Pattee and D.J. Pain. 2008. Apparent tolerance of turkey vultures (Cathartes aura) to the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug diclofenac. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 27:2341-2345. (abstract)

Rattner, B.A., J.C. Franson, S.R. Sheffield, C.I. Goddard, N.J. Leonard, D. Stang and P.J. Wingate. 2008. Sources and implications of lead ammunition and fishing tackle on natural resources. The Wildlife Society. Technical Review 08-01. 62 pp. (details)

Rattner, B.A. and B.K. Ackerson. 2008. Potential environmental contaminant risks to avian species at important bird areas in the northeastern United States. Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management. 4:344-357. (abstract)

Rattner, B.A., N.H. Golden, P.C. Toschik, P.C. McGowan, and T.W. Custer.  2008.  Concentrations of metals in blood and feathers of nestling ospreys (Pandion haliaetus) in Chesapeake and Delaware Bays.  Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. 54:114-122. (abstract)

McKernan, M.A., B.A. Rattner, R.C. Hale, M.A. Ottinger.  2007.  Egg inculation position affects toxicity of air cell administered polychlorinated biphenyl 126 (3,3’,4,4’,5-pentachlorobiphenyl) in chicken (Gallus gallus) embryos. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 26:2724-2727. (abstract)

Rattner, B.A., M.A. McKernan, K.M. Eisenreich, W. Link, G. Olsen, D.J. Hoffman, K.A. Knowles and P.C. McGowan. 2006. Toxicity and hazard of vanadium to mallard ducks (Anas platyrhynchos) and Canada geese (Branta canadensis). Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, Part A, 69:331-351. (abstract)

Toschik, P.C., M.C. Christman, B.A. Rattner, and M.A. Ottinger.  2006.  Evalulation of osprey habitat suitability and interaction with contaminant exposure.  Journal of Wildlife Management.  70:977-988. (abstract)

Rattner, B.A., K.M. Eisenreich, N.H. Golden, M.A. McKernan, R. L. Hothem and T.W. Custer. 2005. Retrospective ecotoxicological data and current information needs for terrestrial vertebrates residing in coastal habitat of the United States. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. 49:257-265. (abstract)

Toschik, P.C. B.A. Rattner, P.C. McGowan, M.C. Christman, D.B. Carter, R.C. Hale, C.W. Matson, and M.A. Ottinger. 2005. Effects of contaminant exposure on reproductive success of ospreys (Pandion haliaetus) nesting in Delaware River and Bay, USA. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 24:617-628. (abstract)

Rattner, B.A., P.C. McGowan, N.H. Golden, J.S. Hatfield, P.C. Toschik, R.F. Lukei Jr., R. C. Hale, I. Schmitz-Afonso, and C.P. Rice. 2004. Contaminant exposure and reproductive success of ospreys (Pandion haliaetus) nesting in Chesapeake Bay regions of concern. Archives of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 47:126-140. (abstract)

Hoffman, D. J., B. A. Rattner, A. G. Burton, Jr. and J. Cairns, Jr. (Editors). 2003. Handbook of Ecotoxicology. Second Edition. Lewis Publishing Inc./CRC Press Inc., Boca Raton, Florida. 1290. pp. (details)

Shore, R.F. and B.A. Rattner, Editors. 2001. Ecotoxicology of Wild Mammals. Ecological and Environmental Toxicology Series. John Wiley and Sons, Ltd., New York. 730 pp. (details)

Rattner, B.A., P. C. McGowan, J. S. Hatfield, C.-S. Hong, and S.G. Chu. 2001. Organochlorine contaminant exposure and reproductive success of black-crowned night herons (Nycticorax nycticorax) nesting in Baltimore Harbor, Maryland. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. 41:73-82. (abstract)

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