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Detailed descriptions of available bibliographies searchable using Reference Manager Web Publisher:

PWRC_Bibliography  (updated 9/9/2015)   View Keywords for this database

LIBRARY_Catalog (updated 1/23/2013) 

Breeding Bird Survey Bibliography   (updated 1/6/2014)   View Keywords for this database

Petroleum:  An Annotated Bibliography on Petroleum Pollution  (updated 5/1/2007)   View Keywords for this database

DUCKDATA: A Bibliographic Database of North American Waterfowl (Anatidae) and their Wetland Habitats (updated 6/20/2007) View Keywords for this database

It is recommended that these databases be searched individually. Choose the database name from the pull down menu on the Reference Manager Web Publisher seach page. Reference Manager calls them "libraries."

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PWRC Bibliography: choose PWRC_bibliography from the pull down menu, search now

Over half of all records have an abstract and/or a linking URL. Click the VIEW link to the right of the citation to see the additional information.

This is a list of publications written by Patuxent employees or contractors since the Center opened in 1939.  A wide range of publications are represented here, including whole books, journal and magazine articles, series publications, and pamphlets. In most cases, these publications discuss scientific research, but some are book reviews or short observation notes.  This database includes 8,101 items as of the current update, 4,397 have abstracts.

Over 4,800 items have URL links to information available on the Internet.  The URLs are clickable in the full record view. In some cases, the URL will take you to the abstract or table of contents posted by the publisher or other aggregator service, such as BioOne or JSTOR. That page will have a link to the PDF or html full text. If your institution has a subscription, you will be able to click the link and open the full text. Many of our publications are free, such as the items published in the journals covered by SORA, or the U.S. Forest Service publications.

Many records will have this annotation in the Notes field: PDF on file. Those files are stored in the Patuxent Library. To request a copy, contact Include the file name in your request.

Since 1939, the Center has included the following names and groups: Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, 1939-1994 and 1996--Present; Patuxent Environmental Science Center, 1994-1996; Migratory Bird Populations Station, 1961-1973; Migratory Bird and Habitat Research Laboratory, 1973-1982.  These groups have also included a number of field stations throughout the United States and Puerto Rico.

Patuxent has acquired several additional field stations since 1993.  The new field stations include former National Park Service Cooperative Units and a group housed at the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History, the Biological Survey Unit.  This latter group has a long history dating back to 1885; their former names include Bird and Mammal Laboratory, 1958-1973, and National Fish and Wildlife Laboratory, 1973-1981.  In 1996 the Bird Banding Laboratory joined us.  It was formerly part of the Office of Migratory Bird Management from 1973 to 1996.  We have included the publication lists of these groups for the current staff members that have now joined Patuxent.

For questions about this database contact Shannon Beliew or Lynda Garrett.

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LIBRARY Catalog: choose LIBRARY_catalog from the pull down menu    search now    

Books in the Library of the USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center

This database contains 6000 records downloaded from our OCLC cataloging activity. All new publications added since 1981 have been cataloged electronically. Older items have been converted as time permits, but please note that many pre-1981 items are still not represented here. For journal titles held by the Library, see the separate journal list.

Here are a few special hints about this database. "All Non-Indexed Text Fields" next to the search boxes include notes, publisher, city of publication, edition, call number, and web/URL. To see records that have clickable web links in them, search for http in the "All Non-Indexed Text Fields." Records that have a link to the free full text version will be labeled as [click VIEW for full text URL] on the hit list. Other links may go to the Library of Congress description or table of contents.

The title field of the record contains the title and authors in this OCLC format: Birds of Maryland and the District of Columbia / by Robert E. Stewart and Chandler S. Robbins. Therefore, you can search author names (last name only preferred) in the title field or the author field. In fact, for the best author search, enter the last name in the title field then OR it with the same entry in the author field.

Keywords are library subject headings, and many are hyphenated multi-word units. To search for a term occurring withing the heading, add an asterisk in front and behind the term when entering it in the keyword box: *Maryland* will find Birds--Maryland and Maryland--Description and travel.

To search a call number, choose All Non-Indexed Text Fields. For example, entering QL684 will result in all the state bird books; QL696 will result in all the bird books shelved by taxonomic order. Extending the number will result in a smaller segment of the group, for instance, QL696.G84 will give all of the Gruidae, Cranes, entries. Entering QH545 will give most of the titles in the POLLUTION section; QH545.W3 will give the water pollution titles.

This database does not use the "Periodical" field. If the book is a member of a series or a special issue of a journal, search the title field. For example enter Ornithological monographs in the title to see all members of that series. This database does not include abstracts, so do not use that field name to search.

Many entries include their International Standard Book Number, ISBN. They are entered without hyphens, so do not use them when searching in the All Non-Indexed Text Fields.

For questions about this database contact Shannon Beliew or Lynda Garrett.

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Breeding Bird Survey Bibliography: choose BBS_Bibliography from the pull down menu  search now

The North American Breeding Bird Survey (BBS) occupies a critical role as the primary source of large-scale, long-term population data for over 400 of North America’s breeding birds. Since its inception in 1966, the main emphasis of this multinational program has been to provide information on the distribution and trends of all bird species regularly encountered on these surveys. In addition to identifying at risk bird species and informing biologically sound avian conservation and management decisions, many peer reviewed articles appear in journals annually in which scientists use the publicly available dataset to evaluate diverse and contemporary topics such as climate change, disease tracking, and invasive species research. As this database grows, so too does the potential for future research, which underscores the importance and value of this and similar long-term datasets.

This bibliography summarizes the published literature related to the BBS. It includes articles based solely on BBS data as well as those incorporating various data sources but where BBS data play an integral role in the published study. Articles where BBS data are referenced in a secondary or supporting role, such as in many breeding bird atlases, are omitted from this bibliography. The contents of this bibliography include materials primarily derived from professional journals and from regional and state periodicals devoted to birds, but does not include material published in local bird club newsletters and the like. Several of the cited articles are theses and dissertations where BBS data or methodology is the central emphasis of the research. Government publications and similar “gray literature” has been included where known, but some may likely have been missed. We ask and encourage authors of published articles using BBS data to inform us of their publication as soon as it becomes available so that we may include it in future BBS bibliography updates.

You can view the keyword list for this database here. If you would like to retrieve all citations in the database, enter BBS in the keyword search box. There will be 578 records.

For questions about this database contact Keith Pardieck or Lynda Garrett.

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Petroleum:   An Annotated Bibliography on Petroleum Pollution: choose Petroleum from the pull down menu search now

by Peter H. Albers , retired emeritus, USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Beltsville Lab, c/o BARC-East, Building 308, 10300 Baltimore Avenue, Beltsville, MD 20705. This database is no longer current.

Please cite this material as:
Albers, P. H. 1998. An Annotated Bibliography on Petroleum Pollution. Version 2007. USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Laurel, MD.


Petroleum has been recognized as a potential environmental contaminant since shortly after the beginning of the Twentieth Century. Reports of the biological consequences of ship wrecks involving cargos of crude and fuel oil began to appear in the popular and scientific press. Scientific literature on the subject was sparse until after World War II when reports of the effects of oil pollution began to appear with greater frequency. The wreck of the Torrey Canyon off the coast of England in 1967 stimulated worldwide interest in the effects of petroleum and cleanup methods on environmental resources. Research on the environmental effects of petroleum peaked during the 1970s and early 1980s. A recent surge of interest in North America was induced by the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill in Prince William Sound, Alaska. The accumulated literature on this well-studied contaminant is vast, covering topics as diverse as analytical chemistry, chemical fate, oil spill prevention and response, mitigation and restoration, economic and social analysis, and biological effects on all forms of plant and animal life in saltwater, freshwater, and terrestrial environments. A small amount of literature on shale oil, synthetic (coal) oil, oil sands crude oil, and non-petroleum oils (animal and plant) are also included in this bibliography.

The bibliography is based on a personal reference collection exceeding 2,000 citations and growing at an approximate rate of 50 citations per year. It is primarily a collection of published and readily accessible scientific reports appearing in journals, conference proceedings, serial publications, and books. Unpublished or poorly distributed reports are few. The collection is divided into13 categories and all categories receive new references on an annual basis. Presently, there are 2,107 references in the database. The collection does not contain everything published on the subjects represented by the 13 categories, but it is representative of the published English-language literature. Books, international meetings, workshops, handbooks, government reports, published bibliographies, or non-technical books dealing with various aspects of oil pollution are not well represented in this bibliography; the emphasis is on original reports and a selection of review articles and book chapters. As such, it is most useful for persons seeking detailed technical references or specialized reviews.

Each record consists of the full citation, a list of keywords, and one or more lines of text describing the contents of the reference. The keywords will assist with retrieval of references specified by the search option. The "Notes" text describes the content of the reference. The 13 categories and their primary category identifier (a keyword) are Bird (Oone), Mammal (Otwo), Fish (Othree), Amphibian (OthreeA), Reptile (OthreeR), Marine Invertebrate (Ofour), Freshwater Invertebrate (Ofive), Marine Plant (Osix), Freshwater Plant (Oseven), General Effect (Oeight), Technical (Onine), Microbes (Oten), and Miscellaneous (Oeleven). If a reference contains information on chemical oil dispersants, it will have a "D" next to the "O"; for example, ODone is a petroleum and chemical dispersant reference with primary emphasis on birds. References on biodegradation of oil or bioremediation of oil spills have become abundant in recent years; these are classified as Microbes (Oten).


Primary ID    

Secondary ID                   
















Marine Invertebrate


marine invertebrate

Freshwater Invertebrate


freshwater invertebrate

Marine Plant


marine plant

Freshwater Plant


freshwater plant

General Effect


general effect










References only have one primary category identifier; references containing relevant information but present in other primary categories can be retrieved by using the category name (also a keyword) which is used as a secondary category identifier for all references. Examples: (1) Retrieval of all references that have any information about petroleum, dispersants, and mammals will be accomplished with the search combination of "Otwo or ODtwo or mammal" or just the word "mammal". (2) Retrieval of all primary references that have information about petroleum and reptiles will be accomplished with the word "OthreeR "; if just the word "reptile" is used, all references presenting information on reptiles will be included. Retrievals based solely on keywords that are not primary or secondary identifiers are likely to miss relevant references. Consequently, it is recommended that the primary category identifiers and secondary category identifiers (category names) be used to help with your search.

In addition to the references in this topical bibliography, the user should consider the following collections of papers and publication series. Except for Item 1, very few of the individual papers are listed in the bibliography.

1. The biennial “Oil spill conference” series has been published since 1973 by the American Petroleum Institute, Washington, DC. Each conference publication contains many articles on a wide range of topics relevant to worldwide petroleum contamination.

2. Proceedings of the international conferences on “Effects of oil on wildlife” are published by Tri-State Bird Rescue & Research, Inc., Newark, DE, and other wildlife rehabilitation organizations. The first conference proceedings was published in 1982; the 9 th conference will be held in 2007. This series contains articles oriented toward the effects of petroleum on air-breathing vertebrates.

3. 1990. Sea otter symposium: proceedings of a symposium to evaluate the response effort on behalf of sea otters after the T/V Exxon Valdez oil spill into Prince William Sound, Anchorage, Alaska, 17-19 April 1990. K. Bayha and J. Kormendy (Eds.). Biological. Report. 90(12), U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Washington, DC. A collection of 43 reports describing the capture, rehabilitation, and release of sea otters affected by the Exxon Valdez oil spill in Prince William sound, Alaska.

4. 1994. Marine mammals and the Exxon Valdez. T.R. Loughlin (Ed.). Academic Press, Inc., New York, NY. Contains 21 chapters.

5. 1995. Exxon Valdez oil spill: fate and effects in Alaskan waters. P.G. Wells, J.N. Butler, and J.S. Hughes (Eds.). STP 1219, American Society for Testing and Materials, Conshohocken, PA. Contains an introduction and 25 papers from a symposium dealing with the fate and effects of the Exxon Valdez oil spill in Prince William Sound and the Gulf of Alaska. Most of the papers are by scientists employed by Exxon Corporation.

6. 1996. Proceedings of the Exxon Valdez oil spill symposium. S.D. Rice, R.B. Spies, D.A. Wolfe, and B.A. Wright (Eds.). American Fisheries Society Symposium 18, American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, MD. Contains 62 papers from a symposium sponsored by the American Fisheries Society. Most of the papers are by scientists representing Trustees of the natural resources affected by the Exxon Valdez oil spill.

7. 1997. Exxon Valdez oil spill seabird restoration workshop. K.I. Warheit, C.S. Harrison, and G.J. Divoky (Eds.). Pacific Seabird Group, Seattle, WA, 1995. Thirteen chapters describing the results of a workshop on restoration of seabirds affected by the 1989 Alaskan oil spill. The workshop was held in Girdwood, AK; participants wrote all or portions of the chapters. The workshop resulted in policy, research, and specific restoration recommendations. PDF 7.6 MB

8. 2000. Bioremediation of contaminated soils. D.L. Wise (Ed.). Environmental science and pollution control series, Vol. 22. Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York. Contains 12 papers on remediation of soils contaminated with petroleum hydrocarbons.

9. 2002. Environmental Forensics 3(3-4). A special issue containing 14 technical papers on the chemical analysis of petroleum, and three introductory articles.

10. 2003. Oil and California's Seabirds Symposium Issue. Marine Ornithology 31(1):1-70. Contains nine papers on the status of oil pollution and seabirds along coastal California.

11. 2006. Marine Pollution Bulletin 53(5-7). The entire issue (13 articles, one editorial) is devoted to the 2003 Prestige oil spill off the coast of Spain.

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DUCKDATA: choose DUCKDATA from the pull down menu search now

DUCKDATA provides a comprehensive bibliography of published literature on the ecology, conservation, and management of North American waterfowl and their wetland habitats. It contains 14,913 records. The primary objective of DUCKDATA is to provide access to the extensive literature concerning North American waterfowl, including references emphasizing wetlands but having implications for waterfowl ecology, conservation, and management. DUCKDATA also includes selected authoritative references on wetland ecosystems to provide users with a convenient starting point for accessing this literature. References to literature published on other continents or concerning species and habitats not found in North America were included whenever possible but were not actively sought and were limited to sources published in English; hence, their coverage is less exhaustive. In selecting literature for inclusion, primary emphasis was placed on widely distributed scientific journals, books, graduate theses, and natural resource agency publications. Graduate theses were included regardless of whether the author had published results elsewhere. Inclusion of literature from less accessible sources (e.g., progress or administrative reports), popular literature, and state ornithological journals was based on perceived merit of the source in providing original data or insight into the ecology of waterfowl or wetland habitats.

Selection of keywords for bibliographic entries was subjective but followed certain basic principles. We tried to indicate at least the general and specific subjects of each reference. For example, papers on avian botulism might be indexed with the keywords "Diseases/ Avian Botulism" or "Population Dynamics/ Natural Mortality/ Diseases/ Avian Botulism." Also included are one or more geographic index terms when relevant locations were evident from the title. "Thesis" is included as a keyword for all master's and doctoral graduate theses. Common names of waterfowl were included as keywords where appropriate.

Search hint: Source information is entered in the "periodical" field, so use that search box to look for journal titles, meeting names, publishers, or book titles and editors when the citation is for a book chapter. Here is an example of the source entry for a chapter: Pages 45-51 in R. I. Goudie, M. R. Petersen, and G. J. Robertson, editors. Behavior and ecology of sea ducks. Canadian Wildlife Service Occasional Paper 100. Journal article source information looks like this: Journal of Wildlife Management 48:982-987. This database does not have any abstracts.

For information regarding the content, status, and use of DUCKDATA, contact Ken Reinecke, retired emeritus, at the USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, 2524 S. Frontage Rd., Suite C, Vicksburg, MS 39180 (phone 601-629-6606).  This database is no longer current.

For other questions about this database contact Lynda Garrett.

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