Douglas Clifford Mabbott
Douglas Clifford Mabbott was born on March 12, 1893, to George W. and Orra R. Mabbott, in Arena, Wisconsin. He received his education by the public schools in Stanley and Baraboo, Wisconsin. Mabbott was a self-taught naturalist and took part in farming at Unity, Marathon County. He passed two entrance exams for the Bureau of Biological Survey and was appointed as assistant in economic ornithology with the Department of Agriculture on December 1, 1915 in Washington D.C. While employed, Mabbott took a special course in Zoology at George Washington University and became an associate member of the American Ornithologists' Union in 1916. Mabbott specialized in the food habits of wild ducks while working with the Bureau. The manuscripts Mabbott wrote from his field work were later published as the United State Department of Agriculture Bulletin 862, entitled "Food Habits of Seven Species of American Shoal-Water Ducks."
On May 5, 1916, Mabbott enlisted into the service and was added to the National Guard in Company K, 3d Infantry, in Washington D.C. where he stayed until September 11, 1916 when he was honorably discharged. On February 1, 1918 he enlisted in the Marine Corps in Washington D.C. and was later transferred to Marine Barracks, Parris Island, South Carolina. Mabbott enrolled in the Marine Corps Reserve and was assigned as a private. Qualified as an expert rifleman, he joined the casual company of marines at Quantico, VA on April 17, 1918. He left on the U.S.S. Henderson from Philadelphia to France. He was eventually transferred to the 79th Company, 6th Regiment, with the U.S. Marine Corps and participated in the battles of June 11 to July 9 at Chateau Thierry sector, July 18 and 19 Aisne-Marne offensive, August 9 to 16 Marbache sector, September 12 to 15 St. Mihiel offensive in the vicinity of Thiaucourt, Xammes and Jaulny.
Mabbott was killed in action on September 15, 1918, at Bois de Montague, St. Mihiel sector. During his service on the front he was wounded multiple times and had just recovered from shell shock when he had resumed his place in the ranks at Soissons. On his last day, he was with two other marines, equipped with automatic rifles and advancing his position to defeat enemy machine gunners. He was killed from a bullet wound to the head. Mabbott's last words were to his comrades, to hold the ground gained.
Mabbott was buried in a military cemetery at Thiaucourt but his remains were later transferred to the Arlington National Cemetery in the United States. His name was inscribed in a World War I monument which stands in Potomac Park, Washington, D.C.
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