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Patuxent Wildlife Research Center


Walter John Hoxie

Walter John Hoxie was born in Rochester, New York, February 26, 1848, but spent the majority of his life in the south. During his life, Hoxie taught at many schools around the country. While teaching in Massachusetts, Hoxie married Harriet Mosely in 1871. They had 3 daughters. In 1879, Hoxie moved to the south and bought a plantation at Land’s End on St. Helena Island in South Carolina. While there, he took every opportunity to study birds. A talented writer, Hoxie contributed approximately five hundred lengthy articles to magazines and newspapers, such as the Savannah Morning News. Hoxie even had eight titles in the Auk, Wilson Bulletin, and Ornithologist and Oologist.

Hoxie is probably best known for his collection of specimens. During his extensive travel through the south eastern part of the United States he collected and prepared hundreds of museum specimens over the course of his life. A few notable ornithological records Hoxie took were the second and third Bridled Tern to be recorded from the United States, and the breeding of the Long-billed Curlew and of the Savannah Sparrow on the Sea Islands.

Hoxie also had many pets, none of which were captives, rather they were allowed to come and go as they pleased. Most of them were birds, including Audubon caracaras, doves, sand pipers, parakeets, mocking birds and even bald eagles.

John Walter Hoxie died in his last home in St. Petersburg, Florida on July 30, 1934.

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