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Patuxent Wildlife Research Center


Norman and Stuart Criddle

The Criddle family became a famous part of Manitoba, Canada history, not only for their long spanning legacy in the area, but for their notable contributions as naturalists, known for detailed and long-term records of fauna and flora. Percy and Alice Criddle moved, with their four children, and five children Percy had with his mistress Elise Vane, to Manitoba from England in 1882. There they established a homestead with 6000 acres of land and 500 head of beef cattle.

The Criddle family's studies included long-term weather records, one of the first breeding-bird censuses, one of the longest migration chronologies in North America, and a detailed floral calendar. Brothers Norman and Stuart Criddle recorded migration data for what is now the North American Bird Phenology Program.

Norman Criddle (1875-1933)besides being a naturalist, was also a painter and some of his drawings were published in government books on Canadian plants. Norman was employed as entomological field officer for Manitoba and in 1919 was appointed entomologist, a position he held until his death. Norman conducted extensive research in the field of entomology, becoming known as the "dean of entomology" in western Canada and was recognized for creating the "Criddle mixture," a grasshopper control in response to the grasshopper outbreak of 1902.

Stuart Criddle (1877- 1971) was enlisted in the 79th Regiment from 1916 to 1919. After returning to the farm, he became an active gardener and developed an officially recognizes strain of lily, Lilium stuart criddlei. He was appointed honorary game guardian in the 1930's, a position he held until moving to Sidney, British Columbia in 1960.

To learn more about the Criddle Family please visit: Department of Parks and Natural Areas, Manitoba, Canada, Manitoba Agricultural Hall of Fame, Norman Criddle, The Manitoba Historical Society, Norman Criddle

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