Please allow 2 months lead time to process your request.
To request a Subpermit a Master Bander should email the BBL at email@example.com with the following information for each Subpermittee. Subpermit applications must be submitted by the Master permittee
NOTE! A subpermit should not be requested until such time as the applicant is capable of working completely independently of the Master Permittee.
Required information:- Master's name and permit number
- Applicant (requested Subpermittee) name, address, email and phone number (in lieu of contact information you can request that we use the Master's contact information for the subpermittee).
- Authorizations requested, please only request authorization for approved projects; choices are the following:
- Mark without banding
- Use plasticine filled bands
- Use reward/control band
- Take, possess and transport blood samples-not to exceed 1% body mass
- Take, possess and transport feather samples
- Take mouth swabs
- Take tracheal swabs
- Audio Lures - Use of playback audio device to attract birds into the vicinity of nets or other traps; should be used for target capture of a single species or a small group of species.
- Baited traps - Includes a wide variety of trap designs where food is placed inside the trap and birds are captured after entering the trap to get to the food. Common types of bait include seeds and grains for seed eaters and waterfowl, and sugar water for hummingbirds. Lure animals are not used in these traps.
- Bal-chatris - Any enclosed wire trap covered with multiple monofilament nooses that ensnare the feet of raptorial birds. A lure animal, usually a live rodent, is placed inside to attract the raptor.
- Bow nets - A spring-loaded system with a net between two curved (bowed) rods. When used to capture raptors, a lure animal is placed at the center to attract the raptor to the trap. This technique is also used to capture individual birds at their nests.
- Cannon nets - Large nets launched by metal projectiles set off by gunpowder or similar explosive. Used to capture large numbers of birds during a single event, frequently over bait. Given the significant hazards associated with the use of explosives and projectiles, formal training in the use of these nets combined with supervised field experience are necessary before authorization will be considered by the BBL.
- Corral/Drive traps - Large temporary fenced enclosures with an entrance that can be closed after birds are guided into the trap. A team of people normally drive the birds into the trap. This technique is used to capture flightless birds, mostly geese or other waterfowl during their annual molt, or pre-flight colonial birds such as terns.
- Dho-gazas - An array of larger gauge mist nets set up to separate from their supporting poles when struck by a raptor. A lure animal or decoy is normally placed inside of the nets to attract the raptors to the trap.
- Drop nets - Weighted nets set on poles above the ground with a triggering device to release the net and allow it to drop on the birds. Normally used at locations where birds gather to feed or roost and may be used over bait. Also used to capture nesting birds in open areas.
- Drugs/tranquilizers - Some chemical agents may be used to temporarily tranquilize birds allowing their capture with nets or bare hands. The bander must specify the chemical that will be used. Alpha-chloralose is the chemical most frequently used for this technique but requires extensive experience in its use and knowledge of appropriate dosage levels before authorization will be considered by the BBL. If other drugs are under consideration, the bander must first obtain an Investigational New Animal Drug letter of permission from the Food and Drug Administration for use to capture birds before the request will be considered.
- Funnel traps - Large semi-permanent structures designed to funnel flying or foraging birds into increasingly smaller areas where they can be captured by mist nets, hand nets, or other means. These traps frequently use drift fences or similar designs to guide birds towards the center of the trap, but designs frequently vary in response to local terrain and conditions. A Heligoland trap is the most common example of a funnel trap where birds fly into the "funnel".
- Hand capture - Use of hands to capture birds without nets, traps, or other devices. Mostly used for handling nestlings, the small young of precocial birds, and young/adult birds in nest boxes. Also used for capturing of adults under some circumstances, such as removing seabirds from their burrows.
- Hand nets - Any net with a handle used to capture individual birds.
- Mist nets - Light-weight mesh nets of varying heights and lengths strung up between two poles used in the passive or targeted capture of birds. A variety of designs includes use of multiple nets on extended poles and/or attached to wires to capture birds in the canopies of trees.
- Net guns - A hand-held modified rifle that uses a blank rifle cartridge to project a small net approximately 5-15 m. Weights are attached to the corners of the net (usually 3.5 m X 3.5 m) and carry it over an individual bird or small group of birds. A Coda Net Gun is one example of this category. Training in the proper use of these guns and supervised field experience are necessary before authorization will be considered by the BBL.
- Net launchers - The same principle as a Net Gun, but is shot from a stationary device located on the ground. The explosive charge and nets tend to be larger than those used in Net Guns. These devices are frequently used in association with bait or a lure animal. Training in the proper use of these launchers and supervised field experience are necessary before authorization will be considered by the BBL.
- Noose Carpets and Snares - An array of monofilament nooses attached to a mat of wire mesh or some other structure designed to entangle the legs or feet of birds. These traps are frequently placed near nests, burrow entrances, or other locations where the target birds are likely to stand.
- Noose poles (Catch poles) - Any type of pole with an adjustable monofilament noose extending from the end. The loop is placed around the bird and tightened to capture it. This technique is frequently used to remove young birds from cavities or nests in tall trees and to capture roosting birds such as owls.
- Padded foot/leg-hold traps - Modified spring traps placed on the ground where the springs are adjusted to reduce the force of closure and the jaws of the trap are thickly padded to prevent injury to a bird’s leg when the trap closes. Normally used to capture eagles or other large raptors, these traps are frequently set around bait.
- Pneumatic nets - These devices involve the projection of weighted nets over birds but differ from net guns and launchers in that compressed air is used as the propellant. This category includes a variety of devices including both hand-held “guns” and larger stationary net launchers. Training in the proper use of these nets and supervised field experience are necessary before authorization will be considered by the BBL.
- Rocket nets - Large nets launched by small rockets where rocket fuel is used as the propellant. This fuel is a controlled substance and requires special permission from the Federal government to possess. These nets are used to capture large numbers of birds during a single event, frequently over bait. Formal training in the use of these nets and supervised field experience are necessary before authorization will be considered by the BBL.
- Spot-lighting/night-lighting - Birds are blinded by bright lights in the dark and can then be captured using hand nets or other methods. May require additional state permits.
- Swedish Goshawk Trap - A large wood and mesh cage that houses a lure animal. The trap is held open by a narrow perch bar that collapses when the raptor lands on it, closing the trap doors over the raptor.
- Swim-in traps - Large semi-permanent structures constructed over water with funnel-like entrances that allow waterfowl and other waterbirds to easily enter but not readily exit. These traps are covered with netting or wire so that the birds cannot fly out. Grain or other bait is normally used to attract birds into the trap.
- Trap at Cavity, Burrow, or Nest Box - Placing a trap or other device at the entrance of cavities, burrows, and/or boxes to capture adult birds entering or exiting these sites. This technique applies to situations where a trap is placed over the entrance and the adults cannot reach or leave their nests/roosts without entering the trap.
- Walk-in traps - A large wire or net enclosure with funnel-like entrances that allows birds to easily walk into but not readily exit. There are numerous varieties, many use drift fences to guide birds toward the entrances. Bait is normally used to attract birds into the trap.
- Whoosh nets - A system of bungee cords provides the energy to project a mesh net over an individual bird or small group of birds, frequently over bait. Training in the proper use of these nets is necessary before authorization will be considered by the BBL.
Species groups are the following:
- Cavity Nesting Species
- Diurnal Raptors except Eagles
- Doves and Pigeons
- Endangered/Threatened Species
- Game Birds
- Hawaiian Endangered Species
- Herons, Egrets, Ibis, Spoonbills
- Loons and Grebes
- Migratory Game Birds, Blackbirds
- Migratory Webless Game Birds
- Non-Game Birds
- North American Migrants
- Passerines and Near-passerines
- Rails, Gallinules, and Coots
- Waterfowl - Ducks, Geese and Swans
Approximate dates of banding (example Jul 2002-Jul 2005)
Species or species group banded
Approximate number of birds processed/banded/handled
Trapping technique(s) used
Additional techniques or auxiliary marking conducted (ex blood sampling, color marking, etc and approximate number of birds for each technique)
Banding location (example Patuxent Research Refuge, Laurel, MD)
Name and permit number of Master bander
Approximate dates of training
Species or species group banded
Approximate number of birds processed/banded/handled
Trapping technique(s) used
Training with additional techniques or auxiliary marking conducted (example blood sampling, color marking, etc and approximate number of birds for each technique)
Name and affiliation of trainer
- Project Proposal (if new project) or project name/purpose if there is an ongoing project proposal on file
- State(s) where permission to band is requested
- Auxiliary Marking proposal (if needed and include experience as above)
- Statement that the applicant is over minimum age (18) to hold a Subpermit
Authorization to Capture or Mark HummingbirdsThe capture, banding and marking of hummingbirds requires special authorization from the Bird Banding Laboratory. This authorization will be granted only to banders who have completed hummingbird banding training that covers the currently accepted techniques to capture and band/mark hummingbirds and the proper procedures for making hummingbird bands. Unlike other bird bands, hummingbird bands must be cut to the appropriate sizes and formed by the bander, requiring knowledge, skills and equipment not required of other bird banders. Documentation of training should be provided at the time that the authorization is requested. Hummingbird bands are only issued to permits with hummingbird authorizations, and incidental banding of hummingbirds is not allowed.
This information can be sent to firstname.lastname@example.org.