BIOLOGICAL STUDIES AND PUBLICATIONS
One of the principal objectives of the Club has been a thorough biological survey of the island and mainland property, and a less complete study, for comparative purposes, of much of the nearby territory. The first Committee on Fauna and Flora was appointed on October 2, 1902. Collecting and study have been carried on by this committee in earlier years, and more recently by individual Club members, guests, or by grantees of research awards from the Club. Some remarkable results have been obtained. Several formal lists of flora and fauna as well as contributions on life history, behavior, and ecology have been published as a series under the title “The Natural History of Plummers Island” in series publications of the Biological Society of Washington (see pp. 26-27). Many other papers have been published that have treated to some extent the flora and fauna of Plummers Island. Indeed, it can truthfully be said that Plummers Island, among systematic biologists at least, has become one of the world’s most famous collecting spots and type localities. Great extensions of ranges have been noted; several species heretofore known only from such areas as Texas and Mexico, and in one or two instances even from Europe, have been collected on the property. These discoveries show both the great need for intensive local studies and the great rewards in the way of new knowledge that await enthusiastic natural-history collectors and investigators.
Part of the cleared land on the mainland property was used under lease for a nominal sum from time to time for agricultural purposes by persons resident in the house at Lock 11. Club members attempted a little gardening during war years. A proposed project to establish an Arboretum Columbianum on the mainland property resulted in the transplanting of a number of the rarer shrubs, trees, and vines of the region, but no such transplanting has been done in recent years. Only a very few of the rarest, as hemlock, white and table mountain pines, and rhododendron, have been planted on the island itself, where the Club intends that nature shall take its course so far as possible unmolested. Records are kept of all introductions.
The Club in 1961 approved the appointment of a Research Grants Committee to pass on requests for grants to assist biological research, including publication on the fauna and flora of Plummers Island and environs. The grants are made to both members and nonmembers from interest realized from investment of the compensation received from the US Government for the Club’s mainland property and normally range upward to $2,500. A brochure was prepared subsequently bringing the research grants program to the attention of the biological community in area universities and other institutions. Many of the following listed publications subsequent to 1961 have been assisted by grants for field research and/or publication of the results.
Water-level records of the Potomac River were kept from 1933 to 1950, and detailed precipitation and maximum-minimum temperatures were recorded from 1966 to 1969 by means of a rain gauge and a 7-day recording thermometer.
Natural History of Plummers Island, Maryland
The series “Natural History of Plummers Island, Maryland,” was published in the Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington as listed below, except for XX, XXV, and XXVI:
I. Introduction, by William R. Maxon. Vol. 48, p. 115-117. August 22, 1935.
II. Flowering plants and ferns, by Ellsworth P. Killip and Sidney F. Blake. Vol. 48, pp. 118-134.
August 22, 1935.
III. Mosses, by Emery C. Leonard. Vol. 48, pp. 135-137. August 22, 1935.
IV. Birds, by Albert K. Fisher, Vol. 48, pp. 159-167. November 15, 1935.
V. Fungi, by John A. Stevenson and Edna M. Ermold. Vol. 49, pp. 123-131. August 22, 1936.
VI. Reptiles and amphibians, by Maurice K. Brady. Vol. 50, pp. 137-139. September 10, 1937.
VII. Hepaticae, by Emory C. Leonard and M. E. Pierce. Vol. 52, pp. 21-22. March 11, 1939.
VIII. Lichens, by Emory C. Leonard and Ellsworth P. Killip. Vol. 52, pp. 23-26. March 11, 1939.
IX. Mammals, by Edward A. Goldman and Hartley H. T. Jackson. Vol. 52, pp. 131-134. October 11, 1939.
X. Flowering plants and ferns-Supplement 1, by Ellswoth P. Killip and Sidney F. Blake. Vol. 66,
pp. 31-38. March 30, 1953.
XI. Blue-green algae (Myxophyceae), by Francis Drouet. Vol. 67, pp. 239-241. November 15, 1954.
XII. A biological note on Trypoxylon richardsi Sandhouse, by Karl V. Krombein. Vol. 72, pp. 101-102. July 24, 1959.
XIII. Descriptions of new wasps from Plummers Island, Maryland (Hymenoptera: Aculeata), by Karl V. Krombein. Vol. 75, pp. 1-17. March 30, 1962.
XIV. Biological notes and description of the larva and pupa of Copelatus glyphicus (Say) (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae), by Paul J. Spangler. Vol. 75, pp. 19-23. March 30, 1962.
XV. Descriptions of the stages of Chaetodactylus krombeini, new species, a mite associated with the bee, Osmia lignaria Say (Acarina: Chaetodactylidae), by Edward W. Baker. Vol. 75, pp. 227-236. August 28, 1962.
XVI. Biological notes on Chaetodactylus krombeini Baker, a parasitic mite of the megachilid bee, Osmia (Osmia) lignaria Say (Acarina: Chaetodactylidac), by Karl V. Krombein. Vol. 75, pp. 237-249. August 28, 1962.
XVII. Annotated list of the wasps, by Karl V. Krombein. Vol. 76, pp. 255-280. December 31, 1963.
XVIII. The hibiscus wasp, an abundant rarity, and its associates (Hymenoptera: Sphecidae), by Karl V. Krombein. Vol. 77, pp. 73-112. June 26, 1964.
XIX. Annotated list of the aphids (Homoptera: Aphididae), by Mortimer D. Leonard. Vol. 79, pp. 117- 126. May 23, 1966.
XX. Annotated list of the vertebrates, by Richard H. Manville, except birds by Alexander Wetmore and Manville. Special Publication, Washington Biologists’ Field Club, pp. 1-44. January 1968.
XXI. Infestation of the lichen Parmelia baltimorensis Gyel. & For, by Hypogastrura packardi Folsom (Collembola), by Mason E. Hale, Jr. Vol. 85, pp. 287-296. August 30, 1972.
XXII. Biting midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae). 1: introduction and key to genera, by Willis W. Wirth, Nipban C. Ratanaworabhan, and Donald H. Messersmith. Vol. 90, pp. 615-647. October 17, 1977.
XXIII. Studies on lichen growth rate at Plummers Island, Maryland, by James D. Lawrey and Mason E. Hale, Jr. Vol. 90, pp. 698-725. October 17, 1977.
XXIV. Biting midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae). 2: the species of the tribes Heteromyiini and Sphaeromimi, by Willis W. Wirth and William L. Grogan, Jr. Vol. 91, pp. 847-903. February 23, 1979.
XXV. Biting midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae), 3: the species of the tribe Stilobezziini, by Willis W. Wirth and William L. Grogan, Jr. Bulletin of the Biological Society of Washington No. 5, pp. 1- 102. December 9, 1981.
XXVI. The ground beetles of a temperate forest site (Coleoptera: Carabidae): An analysis of fauna in relation to size, habitat selection, vagility, seasonality, and extinction, by Terry L. Erwin. Bulletin of the Biological Society of Washington No. 5, pp. 104-224. December 9, 1981.
XXVII. The decline of forest breeding birds on Plummers Island, Maryland, and vicinity, by David W. Johnston and Daniel L. Winings. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 100:762- 768. December 31, 1987.
XXVII [XXVIII]. Current diversity, historical analysis, and biotic integrity of fishes in the lower Potomac basin in the vicinity of Plummers Island, Maryland, by Wayne C. Starnes. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 115(2):273-320. 2002.
XXIX. Checklist of the vascular plants of Plummers Island, Maryland, by Stanwyn G. Shetler, Sylvia S.
Orli, Elizabeth F. Wells, and Marcie Beyersdorfer. Bulletin of the Biological Society of Washington 14: 1-58. In press [Jan 2006].
Among other publications dealing at least in part with Plummers Island or the Washington Biologists’ Field Club are the following:
Adamski, D. and Ronald W. Hodges. 1996. An annotated list of North American Blastobasinae (Lepidoptera: Gelechioidea: Coleophoridae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 98: 708–740.
Allan, Philip. 1952. Craspedacusta sowerbii in Maryland. Proceedings Biological Society of Washington 65:109110.
Bailey, Vernon. 1923. Mammals of the District of Columbia. Proceedings Biological Society of Washington 36:103-138.
Baker, Edward, W. 1964. Vidia cooremani, a new species of Saproglyphidae from a crabronine wasp (Acarina). Entomology News 75:43-46.
Banks, N., C. T. Greene, Waldo L. McAtee and Raymond C. Shannon. 1916. District of Columbia Diptera: Syrphidae. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 29: 173–204.
Barber, Herbert S. 1951. North American fireflies of the genus Photuris. Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections 117(1). vi + 58 pp.
Brown, John W. 2001. Species turnover in the leafrollers (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) of Plummers Island, Maryland: Assessing a century of inventory data. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 103: 673–685.
Brown, John W. 2005. Long-term data show declines in insect composition on Plummers Island, Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historic Park. Natural Resource Year In Review-2004: 69.
Brown, K. M., G. A. Baltazar, B. N. Weinstein, and M. B. Hamilton. 2003. Isolation and characterization of nuclear microsatellite loci in the anadromous marine fish Morone saxatilis (striped bass). Molecular Ecology Notes 3: 414-416.
Brown, K. M., G.A. Baltazar, M. B. Hamilton. 2005. Reconciling nuclear microsatellite and mitochondrial marker estimates of population structure: breeding population structure of Chesapeake Bay striped bass (Morone saxatilis). Heredity 94:606-615.
Busck, August 1906. Notes on some tortricid genera with descriptions of new American species. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 19: 173–182.
Busck, August 1906. New American Tineina. Canadian Entomologist 38: 121–125.
Busck, August 1907. A review of the tortricid subfamily Phaloniinae with descriptions of new American species. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 15: 19–36.
Busck, August 1907. New genera and species of American Microlepidoptera. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 15: 134–140.
Busck, August 1908. A generic revision of American moths of the family Oecophoridae with descriptions of new species. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 35 (1644): 187– 207.
Busck, August 1909. Notes on Microlepidoptera, with descriptions of new North American species. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 11: 87–103.
Busck, August and C. Heinrich. 1922. Life history of Ethmia macelhosiella Busck. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 24: 1–9.
Butte, Janardhan G. 1968. Revision of the tribe Chalepini of America north of Mexico (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). I. Genus Xenochalepus Weise. Coleopterist Bulletin 22(2): 45-62.
Butte, Janardhan G. 1968. II. Genus Chalepus Tbunberg; Journal New York Entomology Society 76: 117-133.
Butte, Janardhan G. 1968. III. Genus Odontota Chevrolat. Coleopterist Bulletin 22(4):101-124.
Christmas, Anne H. 1960. New span to unmask island jungle. Washington evening Star, p. B-3. (July 5).
Clarke, John F. G. 1941. Revision of the North American moths of the family Oecophoridae, with descriptions of new genera and species. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 90: 33–286.
Cole, F. R., J. R. Malloch and Waldo L. McAtee. 1924. District of Columbia Diptera: Tromoptera (Cyrtidae, Bombyliidae, Therevidae, Scenopidae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 26: 181–195.
Cooke, May T. 1929. Birds of the Washington, D.C. region. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 42:1-80.
Crawford, James C. 1909. A new family of parasitic Hymenoptera. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 11:63-64.
Davis, Donald R. 1990. Superfamily Tineiodea, pp. 50–55. In: Miller, Scott E. and Ronald W. Hodges
(eds.), Primary types of microlepidoptera in the Museum of Comparative Zoology (with a discussion on V. T. Chambers’ work). Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 152.
Donnelly, Thomas W. 1961. The Odonata of Washington, D.C., and vicinity. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 63:1-13.
Ethridge, Mark, Jr. 1951. Biologists devote half century to lab on Potomac island. Washington Post, p. A-1. (August 20).
Fischer, Max. 1967. Die nearktischen Arten der Gattung Synaldis (Hymenoptera, Braconidae). Polskie Pismo Entomologiczne 37:464-467.
Fisher, James. 1955. Excerpt from “City in the Woods” [account of 1953 shad bake], pp. 51-52 in Wild America: the record of a 30,000 mile journey around the continent by a distinguished naturalist and his British colleague by Roger Tory Peterson and James Fisher. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. 434 pp.
Fleming, Peggy, and Raclare Kanal. 1992. Newly documented species of vascular plants in the District of Columbia. Castanea 57:132-146.
Frye, C. T., and C. Lea. Atlas and Annotated List of Carex (Cyperaceae) of Maryland and the District of Columbia. Maryland Naturalist 44(2):41-108.
Gardner, Marshal C. 1950. A list of Maryland mammals; Part I, marsupials and insectivores; Part II, bats. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 63:65-68, 111-114.
Gardner, Marshall C. 1950. A list of Maryland mammals. Part II, bats. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 63: 111–114.
Hale, Mason E., Jr. 1970. Single-lobe growth-patterns in the lichen Parmelia caperata. Bryologist 73: 72-81.
Hale, Mason E., Jr. and James D. Lawrey. 1985. Annual rate of lead accumulation in the lichen Pseudoparmelia baltimorensis. Bryologist 88:5-7.
Hart, C. W., Jr. 1964. Two new entocytherid ostracods from the vicinity of Washington, D.C. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 77:243-246.
Heinrich, C. 1923. Revision of the North American moths of the subfamily Eucosminae of the family Olethreutidae. United States National Museum Bulletin 123, 298 pp.
Heinrich, C. 1926. Revision of the North American moths of the subfamilies Laspeyresiinae and Olethreutinae. United States National Museum Bulletin 132, 216 pp.
Hodges, Ronald W. 1962a. The genus Perimede Chambers in North America. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 64: 145–154.
Hodges, Ronald W. 1962b. A review of the genus Periploca with descriptions of nine new species. Pan- Pacific Entomologist 38: 83–97.
Hodges, Ronald W. 1964. A review of the North American moths of the family Walshiidae. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 115: 289–330.
Hodges, Ronald W. 1964. A review of the North American moths of the family Walshiidae. Proceedings of the U.S. National Museum 115:289-330.
Hodges, Ronald W. 1969. Nearctic Walshiidae-notes and new taxa (Lepidoptera: Gelechioidea). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 18:1-30.
Hoffman, R. L., S. M. Roble and W. E. Steiner, Jr. 2002. Thirteen additions to the known beetle fauna of Virginia (Coleoptera: Scirtidae, Bothrideridae, Cleridae, Tenebrionidae, Melyridae, Callirhipidae, Cerambycidae, Chrysomelidae). Banisteria 20: 53–61.
Hood, J. Douglas. 1917. An annotated list of the Tbysanoptera of Plummer’s Island, Maryland. Insecutor Inscitiae Menstruus 5:53-65.
Jeannel, R. 1963. Supplement a la monographie des Anillini: sur quelques especes nouvelles de I’Amerique du Nord. Revue Francaise d’Entomologie 30:145-152.
Kalmbach, E. R. 1968. An ornithological treasure awaits resurrection. Auk 85:703-706. [McAtee MS on bird names.]
Karren, Jay. 1966. A revision of the genus Exema of America north of Mexico (Chrysomelidae, Coleoptera). University of Kansas Science Bulletin 46:647-695.
Killip, Ellsworth P. 1931. Plants recently discovered on Plummers Island as a result of low-water conditions. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 44:111-115.
Knab, F., and Raymond C. Shannon. 1916. Tanypezidae in the United States. Insecutor Inscitiae Menstruus 4:33-36.
Krombein, Karl V. 1963. Notes on the Entomognathus of eastern United States. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 76:247-254.
Krombein, Karl V. 1963. A new Chrysura from Plummers Island, Maryland. Entomology News 74:149- 152.
Krombein, Karl V. 1963. The host-parasite relationship of Xylocelia virginiana Rohwer and Omalus intermedius (Aaron). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 65:264.
Krombein, Karl V.1964. Miscellaneous prey records of solitary wasps, V. (Hymenoptera: Aculeata). Bulletin of the Brooklyn Entomological Society 58:118-120.
Krombein, Karl V. 1967. Trap-nesting wasps and bees: life histories, nests, and associates. Smithsonian Publication 4670, Smithsonian Press, Washington, D.C. vi + 570 pp.
Lawrey, James D., and Mason E. Hale, Jr. 1981. Retrospective study of lichen lead accumulation in the northeastern United States. Bryologist 84:449-456.
Lawrey, James D., and Mason E. Hale, Jr. 1991. The species-area curve as an index of disturbance in saxicolous lichen communities. Bryologist 94:377382.
Lawrey, James D. 1992. Natural and randomly-assembled lichen communities compared using the speciesarea curve. Bryologist 95(2):137-141.
Lawrey, James D., and Mason E. Hale, Jr. 1979. Lichen growth responses to stress induced by automobile exhaust pollution. Science 204:423424.
Lea, C., and C. T. Frye. 2002. Carex (Cyperaceae) in the Potomac River Gorge of Maryland, Virginia, and the District of Colombia. Bartonia No. 61: 93-116.
Leonard, Mortimer D. 1968. Further records of aphids from Plummers Island, Md. (Homoptera: Aphididae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 70:84.
Long, E. John. 1957. A haven for the biologist is Plummers Island. Nature Magazine 50:465-468.
Long, E. John. 1966. The island. American Forests 72:22-24, 59-61.
Malloch, J. R., and Waldo L. McAtee. 1924. Flies of the family Drosophilidae of the District of Columbia region. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 37:25-42.
Malloch, J. R., C. T. Greene, and Waldo L. McAtee. 1931. District of Columbia Diptera: Rhagionidae. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 33:213-220.
Manville, Richard H. 1972. A “sister” organization. Cosmos Club Bulletin 25(5):7-10.
Margolis, B. E., M. S. Castro, and R. L. Raesly. 2001. The impact of beaver impoundments on the water chemistry of two Appalachian streams. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 58: 2271-2283.
Margolis, B. E., R. L. Raesly, and D. L. Shumway. 2001. The effects of beaver-created wetlands on the benthic macroinvertebrate assemblages of two Appalachian streams. Wetlands 21(4):554-563.
McAtee, Waldo L. 1908. Notes on an orthopterous leaf roller. Entomological News 19:488-491.
McAtee, Waldo L. 1918. A sketch of the natural history of the District of Columbia. Bulletin of the Biological Society of Washington 1:1-142.
McAtee, Waldo L., and Alfred C. Weed. 1915. First list of the fishes of the vicinity of Plummers Island, Maryland. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 28:1-14.
McAtee, Waldo L. 1920. Cercopidae of the vicinity of Washington, D.C., with the descriptions of new varieties of Clastoptera (Homoptera). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 33: 171–176.
McAtee, Waldo L. 1921. Membracidae of the vicinity of Washington, D.C. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 34: 123–134.
McAtee, Waldo L. 1927. Cicadidae of the vicinity of Washington, D.C. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 29: 70–72.
McAtee, Waldo L. and N. Banks. 1920. District of Columbia Diptera: Asilidae. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 22: 13–33.
McAtee, Waldo L. and A. N. Caudell. 1917. First list of the Dermaptera and Orthoptera of Plummer’s Island, Maryland, and vicinity. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 19: 100–122.
McAtee, Waldo L. and W. R. Walton.1918. District of Columbia Diptera: Tabanidae. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 20: 188–206.
McComb, Charles W. 1963. A checklist and host index of the Diaspididae of Maryland and the District of Columbia. University of Maryland Entomology Leaflet 50, 38 pp., mimeo.
McComb, Charles W. 1967. A revision of the Chelonus subgenus Microchelonus in North America north of Mexico (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). University of Maryland, Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin A-149. 148 pp.
McComb, Charles W., and R. A. Bram. 1963. A checklist and host index of the tetranychoid mites of Maryland and nearby areas. University of Maryland Entomology Leaflet 49. 20 pp., mimeo.
Miller, D. C. 1974. Revision of the New World Chaetarthria (Coleoptera: Hydrophilidae). Entomologica Americana 49:1-123.
Miller, S. E. and Ronald W. Hodges. 1990. Primary types of microlepidoptera in the Museum of Comparative Zoology (with a discursion on V. T. Chambers’ work). Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology152: 45–87.
Muesebeck, Carl F. W. 1963. A platygasterid parasite of certain wasp larvae. Beitraege zur Entomologie 13:391-394.
Orr, R. L. 1994. Baseline survey of Odonata (dragonflies and damselflies) of the C&O Canal National Historical Park (Potomac River Corridor). Unpublished report to C&O National Historical Park. 16 October 1994.
Orr, R. L. 1995. Odonata of Plummers Island. Argia 7: 6–8.
Paradiso, John L. 1969. Mammals of Maryland. North American Fauna 66. iv + 193 pp.
Peck, S. B. 1982. A review of the ectoparasitic beetles of North America (Coleoptera: Leptinidae). Canadian Journal of Zoology 60: 1517-1527.
Perkins, P. D. 1981 (1980). Aquatic beetles of the family Hydraenidae in the Western Hemisphere: Classification, biogeography and inferred phylogeny (Insecta: Coleoptera). Quaestiones Entomologicae 16 (12):1554.
Ribble, D. W. 1968. Revision of two subgenera of Andrena: Micrandrena Ashmead and Derandrena, new subgenus (Hymenoptera: Apoidea). Bulletin of the Nebraska State Museum 8: 237–394.
Robbins, C. A., and Sidney F. Blake. 1931. Cladonia in the District of Columbia and vicinity. Rhodora 33: 145159.
Robinson, Harold. 1967. New species of Dolicbopodidae from the United States and Mexico (Diptera). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 69:114-127.
Sherwood, John. 1977. The curious world called Winnemana. Washington Star ( May 8).
Smetana, A. 1974. Revision of the genus Cymbiodyta Bed. (Coleoptera: Hydrophilidae). Memoirs of the Entomology Society of Canada 93. iv + 113 pp.
Smetana, A. 1978. Revision of the subfamily Sphaeridiinae of America north of Mexico (Coleoptera: Hydrophilidae). Memoirs of the Entomology Society of Canada 105. 292 pp.
Smetana, A. 1980. Revision of the genus Hydrochara Berth. (Coleoptera: Hydrophilidae). Memoirs of the Entomology Society of Canada 111. 100 pp.
Smetana, A. 1985. Revision of the Subfamily Helophorinae of the Nearctic Region (Coleoptera: Hydrophilidae). Memoirs of the Entomology Society of Canada 131, 154 pp.
Smith, D. R. 1969. Nearctic sawflies I. Blennocampinae: Adults and larvae (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae). United States Department of Agriculture Technical Bulletin No. 1397, 179 pp. + 19 pls.
Sommer, Stefan Andreas 1986. The pollination ecology and breeding system of Hamamelis virginiana L. (Hamamelidaceae). M.S. Thesis, University of Maryland, College Park, MD. vii, 83 leaves.
Staines, C. L. 2004. Changes in the chrysomelid (Coleoptera) community over a 95-year period on a Maryland river island (USA), pp. 613 –622. In Jolivet, P., J. A. Santiago-Blay & M. Schmitt (eds.), New developments in the biology of Chrysomelidae. Academic Publishing, The Hague.
Staines, C. L. and S. L. Staines. 1999. Observations on Euphoria inda (L.) (Insecta: Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae). The Maryland Naturalist 43: 31–33.
Staines, C. L. and S. L. Staines. 1998. The leaf beetles (Insecta: Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae): potential indicator species assemblages for natural area monitoring, pp. 233–244. In: Therres, G. D. (ed.), Conservation of biological diversity: A key to the restoration of the Chesapeake Bay Ecosystem and beyond. Maryland Department of Natural Resources, Annapolis, Maryland.
Steiner, W. E., Jr. 2000. Records and habitat of the “rare click beetle,” Cerophytum pulsator (Haldeman), in Virginia and Maryland (Coleoptera: Cerophytidae). Banisteria 15: 43–45.
Stewart, Robert E., and Chandler S. Robbins. 1958. Birds of Maryland and the District of Columbia. United States Department of Interior, North American Fauna 62. 401 pp.
Steyskal, G. C. 1963. A second North American species of Traginops Coquillett. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 65:51-54.
Stork, N. E. 1984. Additions to the list of Carabidae (Coleoptera) in the fauna of Plummers Island, Maryland. Coleopterists’ Bulletin 28: 137–141.
Tauber, C. A. 1969. Taxonomy and biology of the lacewing genus Meleoma. University of California Publications in Entomology 58. 94 pp.
Viereck, Henry L. 1912. Descriptions of one new family, eight new genera, and thirty-three new species of ichneumon-flies. Proceedings of the U.S. National Museum 43:575-593.
Zimmerman, J. 1970. A taxonomic revision of the aquatic beetle genus Laccophilus (Dytiscidae) of North America. Memoirs of the American Entomological Society 26. 275 pp.
Records from Plummbers Island and Vicinity
Numbers of species of plants and animals documented from Plummers Island; invertebrate totals are from a database compiled primarily from the collections of the National Museum of Natural History for an impending volume on the invertebrates of Plummers Island.
Blue-green algae 32
Vascular plants 855
Annelida (anellids) 4
Tricladida (planarians) 6
Nematoda (nematodes) 46
Podocopida (ostracods) 2
Anostraca (fairy shrimp) 2
Isopoda (isopods) 2
Crustacea (copopods) 12
Pseudoscorpionidae (pseudoscorpions) 2
Acarina (ticks and mites) 4
Collembola (springtails) 1
Odonata (dragonflies and damselflies) 45
Dermaptera (earwigs) 1
Blattoidea (cockroaches) 5
Phasmatodea (walking sticks) 2
Orthoptera (grasshoppers and relatives) 63
Psocoptera (book lice) 16
Thysanoptera (thrips) 57
Hemiptera (true bugs) 307
Neuroptera (lacewings and relatives) 9
Megaloptera (dobbsonflies and relatives) 6
Coleoptera (beetles) 597
Mecoptera (scorpionflies) 5
Trichoptera (caddisflies) 28
Lepidoptera (butterflies and moths) 828
Diptera (flies) 617
Siphonaptera (fleas) 10
Hymenoptera (bees, ants, and wasps) 416
Mollusca (mollusks) 22