USGS

DECLINING SPECIES PRIMARY DATABASE KEY/DOCUMENTATION
Version 3.1 (20 March 2001)

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COMNAME: COMMON NAME

GENUS

SPECIES

SUBSPECIES

CLASS

ORDER

FAMILY

DATE: DATE OF DOCUMENT USED FOR PRIMARY DATA (SIGNATURE DATE)

DOC_TYPE: TYPE OF DOCUMENT USED FOR PRIMARY DATA

ARP - Approved Recovery Plan
DRP - Draft Recovery Plan
LP - Listing Package
OTR - Other

LIST_STAT: LISTING STATUS

ENDANGERED
THREATENED
PROPOSED
N/A

GEOGPC_LOC: CURRENT GEOGRAPHIC LOCATION OF WILD POPULATIONS

          NMFS - National Marine Fisheries Service

FWS Regions - Fish and Wildlife Service
FWSR1 - Washington, Oregon, California, Nevada, Idaho, Hawaii
FWSR2 - Arizona, New Mexico, Oklahoma, TexasR3 - Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, Illinois, Wisconsin, Michigan, Indiana, Ohio
FWSR3 - Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, Illinois, Wisconsin, Michigan, Indiana, Ohio
FWSR4 - North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Tennessee, Kentucky, Mississippi, Louisiana, Arkansas, Puerto Rico
FWSR5 - Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, New York, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, West Virginia
FWSR6 - Montana, Wyoming, Colorado, Utah, Kansas, Nebraska, South Dakota, North Dakota
FWSR7 - Alaska

STATE_N: STATE/TERRITORY SPECIES OCCURS IN

HABITAT: PRIMARY HABITAT SPECIES OCCUPIES

TROPHC_LEV: PRIMARY LEVEL OF THE FOOD CHAIN SPECIES OCCUPIES

P = Primary producers - green plants
C1 = Primary consumers - herbivores
C2 = Secondary consumers - carnivores
C3 = Tertiary consumers - higher/top carnivores
S = Saprotrophs - bacteria, fungi
D = Decomposers - bacteria, fungi, detritivores

AD_SIZE: Average size of adult - mass (g or kg) or length (cm)

LONGEVITY: Lifespan (years)

RECOV_PRY: FWS RECOVERY PRIORITY (found on FWS homepage; occasionally in plan)

ESB_TX_CAT: ENDANGERED SPECIES BULLETIN TAXONOMIC CATEGORIES

MAMMALS CRUSTACEANS
BIRDS

INSECTS

REPTILES

ARACHNIDS

AMPHIBIANS FLOWERING PLANTS
FISHES CONIFERS
SNAILS FERNS AND OTHERS
CLAMS  

NC_TX_CAT: THE NATURE CONSERVANCY TAXONOMIC CATEGORIES (important note: not all covered, e.g., snails)

MAMMALS FRESHWATER MUSSELS
BIRDS DRAGONFLIES/DAMSELFLIES
REPTILES TIGER BEETLES
AMPHIBIANS FERNS
FRESHWATER FISH CONIFERS
BUTTERFLIES/SKIPPERS FLOWERING PLANTS
CRAYFISH  

NUM_INDV: POPULATION SIZE (numerical range, if provided)

RELPOPEST: RELIABILITY OF POPULATION ESTIMATE PARAMETERS

1 = supported by peer-reviewed and documented literature
2 = supported by reports and/or verifiable counts
3 = supported by expert opinion
4 = speculative, unsubstantiated estimate

CAPPOP: YES/NO

NUM_SUBPOP: NUMBER OF WILD SUBPOPULATIONS

CNSVSTATUS: THE NATURE CONSERVANCY CONSERVATION STATUS

X = PRESUMED EXTINCT - not located despite intensive searches
H = POSSIBLY EXTINCT - of historical occurrence; still some hope of rediscovery
1 = CRITICALLY IMPERILED - typically 5 or fewer occurrences or 1,000 or fewer individuals
2 = IMPERILED - typically 6-20 occurrences or 1,000-3,000 individuals
3 = VULNERABLE - rare; typically 21-100 occurrences or 3,000-10,000 individuals
4 = APPARENTLY SECURE - uncommon but not rare; some cause for long-term concern; usually more than 100 occurrences and 10,000 individuals
5 = SECURE - common; widespread and abundant

DECLINE_N: CAUSE OF DECLINE - 1 TO N

CHRON_N: CHRONOLOGY OF CAUSE 1 TO N

PAST = prehistoric, no longer a factor
HISTORIC = was a problem in past 100 years, no longer a factor
RECENT = was a problem in past 10 years, no longer a factor
CURRENT = was a problem, is a problem, will be a problem
FUTURE = could become a problem

RELIABL_N: RELIABILITY OF DATA USED TO ATTRIBUTE CAUSE OF DECLINE

1 = supported by peer-reviewed literature
2 = supported by published data/documentation
3 = supported by expert opinion
4 = speculative, unsubstantiated

SOURCE_N: SOURCE OF STRESSORS

Primary sources associated with land or waterway use for agricultural, industrial, livestock, municipal, and silvicultural activities.

1. AGRICULTURAL: (excluding silvicultural)
2. POWER GENERATION: Industrial - power generation (e.g., thermal, hydroelectric)
3. MINERAL EXTRACTION: Industrial - mineral extraction
4. INDUSTRIAL - OTHER
5. RIGHT OF WAY: Industrial right of way (e.g., power lines, pipelines)
6. LIVESTOCK: (grazing, feedlots, etc.)
7. MUNICIPAL: (urban, suburban, rural residential)
8. ROADWAYS: Roadways - public, nonspecific use
9. SILVICULTURAL
10. WATERWAY NAVIGATION: includes dredging to maintain channels and harbors

Other primary sources

11. ATMOSPHERIC DEPOSITION
12. CLIMATE CHANGE: Climate alteration or atmospheric change
13. ECONOMIC USE: Economic use of the species or an unrelated species
14. EXOTICS: Exotic or introduced species other than livestock
15. NATIVE SPECIES
16. RECREATIONAL USE - HABITAT: Recreational use of the habitat
17. RECREATIONAL USE - SPECIES: Recreational use of the species
18. SCIENTIFIC USE: Scientific use of the species
19. SPECIES MANAGEMENT
20. STORMS
21. MILITARY USE: Military use of habitat
22. OTHER LAND USE: Other land management
23. POLLUTION

Secondary sources associated with land or waterway use for agricultural, industrial, livestock, municipal, and silvicultural activities.

24. WASTE DISPOSAL: Ocean dumping
25. CONVERSION: Conversion of land or waterways to new use (including land cover alteration) or any other activity that changes the use or structure
26. CHANNEL ALTERATION: Drainage or channel alteration (including flood control)
27. GROUNDWATER: Groundwater depletions or augmentations
28. IMPOUNDMENT: Impoundment operations (e.g., dams, reservoirs)
29. NONPOINT RELEASE: Nonpoint release of sediment or pollutants (e.g., runoff, infiltration, aerosol release)
30. POINT SOURCE: Point source release of pollution (including spills, facility discharges)
31. SURFACE WATER CHANGES: Surface water depletions or augmentations
32. OTHER: Other stressors

STRESS_N: Listing of Stressors

Aquatic habitat stressors

1. CHANNEL CHANGES: Channel or shoreline: changes in morphology or bed structure
2. DO ALTERATIONS: Dissolved oxygen (DO) regime alteration
3. HYDROLOGIC ALTERATION: Hydrologic regime alteration (includes flow or depth conditions; timing, duration, frequency, etc.)
4. NUTRIENTS: Nutrients, changes in inputs
5. ORGANIC MATTER: Organic matter, changes in inputs
6. pH ALTERATION: pH regime alteration
7. SALINITY: Salinity regime changes
8. SEDIMENT LOAD: Bed sediment load changes, including siltation
9. SUSPENDED SOLIDS: Suspended solids and/or turbidity alteration
10. WATER TEMPERATURE: Water temperature regime alteration
11. OTHER - AQUATIC: Other aquatic habitat alteration
12. WATER QUALITY: Unspecified, generic, or multi-factor changes

Contaminants

13. ANTICOAGULANTS
14. FISH-KILLING AGENTS: (e.g., rotenone)
15. FUNGICIDES
16. HERBICIDES
17. HALOGENS/HALIDES: (e.g., chloride, trihalomethanes)
18. INSECTICIDES
19. LAMPRICIDES
20. METALS
21. MOLLUSCICIDES
22. ORGANIC SOLVENTS (e.g., benzene, phenol)
23. OTHER HYDROCARBONS (e.g. dioxins, PCBs, petroleum)
24. PREDACIDES
25. MIXED EFFECTS: Mixed, cumulative effects
26. UNSPECIFIED CONTAMINANT: Nonspecific or several indicated

Other Habitat Stressors

27. AIR TEMPERATURE: Air temperature changes
28. FIRE - TIMING: Fire - manipulation of timing or frequency
29. FIRE - SUPPRESSION
30. TROPHIC STRUCTURE CHANGE: Food supply or ecosystem trophic structure - depletion or alteration
31. HABITAT DESTRUCTION
32. FRAGMENTATION: Habitat fragmentation (e.g., barriers to movement, exclusion from habitat)
33. STRUCTURAL CHANGES: Habitat structural changes
34. HABITAT DEGRADATION: Other habitat degradation, including crushing, trampling, earth moving, inundation
35. SUITABILITY ALTERED: Alterations in habitat suitability

Other Organism Stressors

36. ARTIFICIAL LIGHT
37. COMPETITION
38. SMALL POPULATIONS: Complications due to small populations (e.g., inbreeding, stochastic fluctuation)
39. DISEASE
40. GENETIC ALTERATION: (e.g., hybridization)
41. INORGANIC DEBRIS
42. OVER HARVESTING: Over harvesting or legal, intentional collecting or killing
43. PARASITISM
44. PREDATION
45. ILLEGAL TAKE: Poaching, vandalism, harassment, or indiscriminate killing
46. RADIATION: Radiation exposure increase (e.g., increased UV radiation)
47. INADVERTENT TAKE: Unintentional capture or killing (e.g., artillery explosions, roadway casualties)
48. VERTEBRATE CONTROL: Vertebrate animal damage control (includes trapping, shooting, poisoning)
49. DIRECT MORTALITY
50. OTHER: Other stressors

RCVTASK_N: RECOVERY IMPLEMENTATION TASK 1 TO N (derived from table in each recovery plan)

RCN_PRI_1: NUMBER OF PRIORITY 1 SUBTASKS UNDER TASK 1 TO N

1 = an action that must be taken to prevent extinction or to prevent the species from declining irreversibly
2 = an action that must be taken to prevent a significant decline in species/habitat quality or some other significant negative impact short of extinction
3 = all other actions necessary to provide for full recovery of the species

RCN_PRI_2: NUMBER OF PRIORITY 2 SUBTASKS UNDER TASK 1 TO N

RCN_PRI_3: NUMBER OF PRIORITY 3 SUBTASKS UNDER TASK 1 TO N

RESNDS_N: RESEARCH NEEDS 1 TO N - RECOVERY IMPLEMENTATION SUBTASKS WHICH HAVE A RESEARCH COMPONENT

RN_N_TSK: RECOVERY IMPLEMENTATION TASK NUMBER FROM WHICH RESEARCH NEEDS 1 TO N IS DRAWN FROM

RN_N_PRI: RESEARCH NEEDS 1 TO N IMPLEMENTATION PLAN PRIORITY

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