USGS


BIRDS OF NORTH AMERICA Taxonomic List



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BIRDS OF NORTH AMERICA, No. 1-719, sorted taxonomically using the page number from CHECKLIST OF BIRDS OF NORTH AMERICA, 7th ed., American Ornithologists' Union. 1998. The decimal number is the position of the description on the page. Taxonomic terms have been changed when needed to match the CHECKLIST. Use your browser's "Find" function to locate any term in this table.   Issues 1-716 are in print and online. The table now includes new issues published online only beginning with No. 717.

Page

Order

Family

Genus & species

Common Name

BNA No.

003.1 Gaviiformes Gaviidae Gavia stellata Red-throated Loon 513

003.2

Gaviiformes

Gaviidae

Gavia arctica

Arctic Loon

657

004.1

Gaviiformes

Gaviidae

Gavia pacifica

Pacific Loon

657

004.2

Gaviiformes

Gaviidae

Gavia immer

Common Loon

313

005.1

Gaviiformes

Gaviidae

Gavia adamsii

Yellow-billed Loon

121

006.1

Podicipediformes

Podicipedidae

Tachybaptus dominicus

Least Grebe

24

006.2

Podicipediformes

Podicipedidae

Podilymbus podiceps Pied-billed Grebe 410
007.1 Podicipediformes Podicipedidae Podiceps auritus Horned Grebe 505
007.2 Podicipediformes Podicipedidae Podiceps grisegena Red-necked Grebe 465
008.1

Podicipediformes

Podicipedidae

Podiceps nigricollis Eared Grebe 433

008.2

Podicipediformes

Podicipedidae

Aechmophorus occidentalis

Western Grebe

26

009.1

Podicipediformes

Podicipedidae

Aechmophorus clarkii

Clark's Grebe

26

011.2

Procellariiformes

Diomedeidae

Phoebastria immutabilis  Genus on cover:  Diomedea

Laysan Albatross

66

011.3

Procellariiformes

Diomedeidae

Phoebastria nigripes  Genus on cover:  Diomedea

Black-footed Albatross

65

012.2 Procellariiformes Procellariidae Fulmarus glacialis Northern Fulmar 361

015.1

Procellariiformes

Procellariidae

Pterodroma phaeopygia

Dark-rumped Petrel

345

015.3 Procellariiformes Procellariidae Pterodroma hypoleuca Bonin Petrel 385

016.3

Procellariiformes

Procellariidae

Bulweria bulwerii

Bulwer's Petrel

281

019.1

Procellariiformes

Procellariidae

Puffinus pacificus

Wedge-tailed Shearwater

305

020.2 Procellariiformes Procellariidae Puffinus nativitatis Christmas Shearwater 561

020.3

Procellariiformes

Procellariidae

Puffinus puffinus

Manx Shearwater

257

021.1

Procellariiformes

Procellariidae

Puffinus auricularis

Townsend's and Newell's Shearwater

297

021.2 Procellariiformes Procellariidae Puffinus opisthomelas Black-vented Shearwater 521
023.3 Procellariiformes Hydrobatidae Oceanodroma furcata Fork-tailed Storm-Petrel 569

024.1

Procellariiformes

Hydrobatidae

Oceanodroma leucorhoa

Leach's Storm-Petrel

233

024.2

Procellariiformes

Hydrobatidae

Oceanodroma homochroa

Ashy Storm-Petrel

185

025.1

Procellariiformes

Hydrobatidae

Oceanodroma castro

Band-rumped Storm-Petrel

673

025.3 Procellariiformes Hydrobatidae Oceanodroma melania Black Storm-Petrel 577

026.1

Procellariiformes

Hydrobatidae

Oceanodroma tristrami

Tristram's Storm-Petrel

673

026.3

Pelecaniformes

Phaethontidae

Phaethon lepturus

White-tailed Tropicbird

353

027.2

Pelecaniformes

Phaethontidae

Phaethon rubricauda

Red-tailed Tropicbird

43

028.1

Pelecaniformes

Sulidae

Sula dactylatra

Masked Booby

73

029.2

Pelecaniformes

Sulidae

Sula leucogaster

Brown Booby

649

029.3

Pelecaniformes

Sulidae

Sula sula

Red-footed Booby

241

030.1 Pelecaniformes Sulidae Morus bassanus Northern Gannet 693

031.1

Pelecaniformes

Pelecanidae

Pelecanus erythrorhynchos

American White Pelican

57

031.2 Pelecaniformes Pelecanidae Pelecanus occidentalis Brown Pelican 609
032.1 Pelecaniformes Phalacrocoracidae Phalacrocorax penicillatus Brandt's Cormorant 362

032.2

Pelecaniformes

Phalacrocoracidae

Phalacrocorax brasilianus

Neotropic Cormorant

137

032.3 Pelecaniformes Phalacrocoracidae Phalacrocorax auritus Double-crested Cormorant 441
033.1 Pelecaniformes Phalacrocoracidae Phalacrocorax carbo Great Cormorant 553
033.2 Pelecaniformes Phalacrocoracidae Phalacrocorax urile Red-faced Cormorant 617

034.1

Pelecaniformes

Phalacrocoracidae

Phalacrocorax pelagicus

Pelagic Cormorant

282

034.2 Pelecaniformes Anhingidae Anhinga anhinga Anhinga 522
035.1 Pelecaniformes Fregatidae Fregata magnificens Magnificent Frigatebird 601
035.2 Pelecaniformes Fregatidae Fregata minor Great Frigatebird 681

036.3

Ciconiiformes

Ardeidae

Botaurus lentiginosus

American Bittern

18

037.2

Ciconiiformes

Ardeidae

Ixobrychus exilis

Least Bittern

17

039.1

Ciconiiformes

Ardeidae

Ardea herodias

Great Blue Heron

25

040.3 Ciconiiformes Ardeidae Ardea alba Great Egret 570
042.1 Ciconiiformes Ardeidae Egretta thula Snowy Egret 489

042.2

Ciconiiformes

Ardeidae

Egretta caerulea

Little Blue Heron

145

043.1

Ciconiiformes

Ardeidae

Egretta tricolor

Tricolored Heron

306

043.2 Ciconiiformes Ardeidae Egretta rufescens Reddish Egret 633

044.1

Ciconiiformes

Ardeidae

Bubulcus ibis

Cattle Egret

113

044.2

Ciconiiformes

Ardeidae

Butorides virescens

Green Heron

129

046.2

Ciconiiformes

Ardeidae

Nycticorax nycticorax

Black-crowned Night-heron

74

046.3

Ciconiiformes

Ardeidae

Nyctanassa violacea

Yellow-crowned Night-heron

161

047.2

Ciconiiformes

Threskiornithidae

Eudocimus albus

White Ibis

9

048.2 Ciconiiformes Threskiornithidae Plegadis falcinellus Glossy Ibis 545

049.1

Ciconiiformes

Threskiornithidae

Plegadis chihi

White-faced Ibis

130

050.2 Ciconiiformes Threskiornithidae Ajaia ajaja Roseate Spoonbill 490
051.2 Ciconiiformes Ciconiidae Mycteria americana Wood Stork 409
052.1 Ciconiiformes Cathartidae Coragyps atratus Black Vulture 411

052.2

Ciconiiformes     On cover:  Falconiformes

Cathartidae

Cathartes aura

Turkey Vulture

339

053.1 Ciconiiformes Cathartidae Gymnogyps californianus California Condor 610
055.2 Anseriformes Anatidae Dendrocygna autumanlis Black-bellied Whistling-Duck 578
056.2 Anseriformes Anatidae Dendrocygna bicolor Fulvous Whistling-Duck 562

057.2

Anseriformes

Anatidae

Anser albifrons

Greater White-fronted Goose

131

058.1

Anseriformes

Anatidae

Chen canagica

Emperor Goose

97

058.2 Anseriformes Anatidae Chen caerulescens Snow Goose

059.1

Anseriformes

Anatidae

Chen rossii

Ross' Goose

162

059.2 Anseriformes Anatidae Branta canadensis Canada Goose 682
060.1 Anseriformes Anatidae Branta sandvicensis Hawaiian Goose (Nene) 434

060.2

Anseriformes

Anatidae

Branta bernicla

Brant

337

062.1

Anseriformes

Anatidae

Cygnus olor

Mute Swan

273

062.2

Anseriformes

Anatidae

Cygnus buccinator

Trumpeter Swan

105

062.3

Anseriformes

Anatidae

Cygnus columbianus

Tundra Swan

89

065.1

Anseriformes

Anatidae

Aix sponsa

Wood Duck

169

066.1

Anseriformes

Anatidae

Anas strepera

Gadwall

283

067.1 Anseriformes Anatidae Anas americana American Wigeon 401
068.1 Aneriformes Anatidae Anas rubripes American Black Duck 481

068.2

Anseriformes

Anatidae

Anas platyrhynchos

Mallard

658

069.1

Anseriformes

Anatidae

Anas fulvigula

Mottled Duck

81

069.2 Anseriformes Anatidae Anas wyvilliana Hawaiian Duck 694

069.3

Anseriformes

Anatidae

Anas laysanensis

Laysan Duck

242

070.1 Anseriformes Anatidae Anas discors Blue-winged Teal 625

070.2

Anseriformes

Anatidae

Anas cyanoptera

Cinnamon Teal

209

071.1

Anseriformes

Anatidae

Anas clypeata

Northern Shoveler

217

071.3

Anseriformes

Anatidae

Anas acuta

Northern Pintail

163

073.1

Anseriformes

Anatidae

Anas crecca

Green-winged Teal

193

074.1

Anseriformes

Anatidae

Aythya valisineria

Canvasback

659

074.2 Anseriformes Anatidae Aythya americana Redhead 695

075.2

Anseriformes

Anatidae

Aythya collaris

Ring-necked Duck

329

076.1

Anseriformes

Anatidae

Aythya marila

Greater Scaup

650

076.2

Anseriformes

Anatidae

Aythya affinis

Lesser Scaup

338

077.1 Anseriformes Anatidae Polysticta stelleri Steller's Eider 571
077.2 Anseriformes Anatidae Somateria Fischeri Spectacled Eider 547
077.3 Anseriformes Anatidae Somateria spectabilis King Eider 491
078.1 Anseriformes Anatidae Somateria mollissima Common Eider 546
079.1 Anseriformes Anatidae Histrionicus histrionicus Harlequin Duck 466

079.2

Anseriformes

Anatidae

Camptorhynchus labradorius

Labrador Duck

307

079.3 Anseriformes Anatidae Melanitta perspicillata Surf Scoter 363

080.1

Anseriformes

Anatidae

Melanitta fusca

White-winged Scoter

274

081.1

Anseriformes

Anatidae

Melanitta nigra

Black Scoter

177

081.2

Anseriformes

Anatidae

Clangula hyemalis

Long-tailed Duck  Check-list: Oldsquaw

651

082.1

Anseriformes

Anatidae

Bucephala albeola

Bufflehead

67

082.2

Anseriformes

Anatidae

Bucephala clangula

Common Goldeneye

170

083.1 Anseriformes Anatidae Bucephala islandica Barrow's Goldeneye 548

084.1

Anseriformes

Anatidae

Lophodytes cucullatus

Hooded Merganser

98

084.2 Anseriformes Anatidae Mergus merganser Common Merganser 442
085.1 Anseriformes Anatidae Mergus serrator Red-breasted Merganser 443
085.2 Anseriformes Anatidae Nomonyx dominica Masked Duck 393
086.1 Anseriformes Anatidae Oxyura jamaicensis Ruddy Duck 696
087.1 Falconiformes Accipitridae Pandion haliaetus Osprey 683

088.1

Falconiformes

Accipitridae

Elanoides forficatus

Swallow-tailed Kite

138

089.1

Falconiformes

Accipitridae

Elanus leucurus

White-tailed Kite

178

089.2

Falconiformes

Accipitridae

Rostrhamus sociabilis

Snail Kite

171

090.3 Falconiformes Accipitridae Ictinia mississippiensis Mississippi Kite 402
091.2 Falconiformes Accipitridae Haliaeetus leucocephalus Bald Eagle 506

092.3

Falconiformes

Accipitridae

Circus cyaneus

Northern Harrier

210

093.3

Falconiformes

Accipitridae

Accipiter striatus

Sharp-shinned Hawk 482

094.1

Falconiformes

Accipitridae

Accipiter cooperii

Cooper's Hawk

75

095.1

Falconiformes

Accipitridae

Accipiter gentilis

Northern Goshawk

298

097.1

Falconiformes

Accipitridae

Astruina nitida

Gray Hawk

652

097.2

Falconiformes

Accipitridae

Buteogallus anthracinus

Common Black-hawk

122

098.3

Falconiformes

Accipitridae

Parabuteo unicinctus

Harris' Hawk

146

099.3

Falconiformes

Accipitridae

Buteo lineatus

Red-shouldered Hawk

107

100.2

Falconiformes

Accipitridae

Buteo platypterus

Broad-winged Hawk

218

100.3

Falconiformes

Accipitridae

Buteo brachyurus

Short-tailed Hawk

674

101.1

Falconiformes

Accipitridae

Buteo swainsoni

Swainson's Hawk

265

101.2

Falconiformes

Accipitridae

Buteo albicaudatus

White-tailed Hawk

30

101.3 Falconiformes Accipitridae Buteo albonotatus Zone-tailed Hawk 529
102.1 Falconiformes Accipitridae Buteo solitarius Hawaiian Hawk 523

102.2

Falconiformes

Accipitridae

Buteo jamaicensis

Red-tailed Hawk

52

102.3

Falconiformes

Accipitridae

Buteo regalis

Ferruginous Hawk

172

103.1

Falconiformes

Accipitridae

Buteo lagopus

Rough-legged Hawk

641

104.1 Falconiformes Accipitridae Aquila chrysaetos Golden Eagle 684

106.3

Falconiformes

Falconidae

Caracara plancus

Crested Caracara

249

108.2 Falconiformes Falconidae Falco sparverius American Kestrel 602

109.1

Falconiformes

Falconidae

Falco columbarius

Merlin

44

109.3 Falconiformes Falconidae Falco femoralis Aplomado Falcon 549

110.3

Falconiformes

Falconidae

Falco rusticolus

Gyrfalcon

114

111.1

Falconiformes

Falconidae

Falco peregrinus

Peregrine Falcon

660

111.2

Falconiformes

Falconidae

Falco mexicanus

Prairie Falcon

346

112.1 Galliformes Cracidae Ortalis vetula Plain Chachalaca 550

114.4

Galliformes

Phasianidae

Alectoris chukar

Chukar

258

115.1 Galliformes Phasianidae Francolinus pondicerianus Gray Francolin 396
115.2 Galliformes Phasianidae Francolinus francolinus Black Francolin 395
115.3 Galliformes Phasianidae Francolinus erckelii Erckel's Francolin 394

116.1

Galliformes

Phasianidae

Tetraogallus himalayensis

Himalayan Snowcock

328

116.2

Galliformes

Phasianidae

Perdix perdix

Gray Partridge

58

117.3 Galliformes Phasianidae Phasianus colchicus Ring-necked Pheasant 572
118.1 Galliformes Phasianidae Pavo cristatus Common Peafowl 377
118.2 Galliformes Phasianidae Bonasa umbellus Ruffed Grouse 515
119.1 Galliformes Phasianidae Centrocercus urophasianus Sage Grouse 425

119.2

Galliformes

Phasianidae

Falcipennis canadensis

Spruce Grouse

5

119.3 Galliformes Phasianidae Logopus lagopus Willow Ptarmigan 369

120.1

Galliformes

Phasianidae

Lagopus mutus

Rock Ptarmigan

51

120.2

Galliformes

Phasianidae

Lagopus leucurus

White-tailed Ptarmigan

68

121.1

Galliformes

Phasianidae

Dendragapus obscurus

Blue Grouse

15

121.2

Galliformes

Phasianidae

Tympanuchus phasianellus

Sharp-tailed Grouse

354

121.3

Galliformes

Phasianidae

Tympanuchus cupido

Greater Prairie-chicken

36

122.1 Galliformes Phasianidae Tympanuchus pallidicinctus Lesser Prairie-chicken 364

122.2

Galliformes

Phasianidae

Meleagris gallopavo

Wild Turkey

22

124.2 Galliformes Odontophoridae Oreortyx pictus Mountain Quail 457

124.3

Galliformes

Odontophoridae  On cover: Phasianidae

Callipepla squamata

Scaled Quail

106

125.1 Galliformes Odontophoridae Callipepla california California Quail 473

125.2

Galliformes

Odontophoridae  

Callipepla gambelii

Gambel's Quail

321

125.4 Galliformes Odontophoridae Colinus virginianus Northern Bobwhite 397
128.2 Galliformes Odontophoridae Cyrtonyx montezumae Montezuma Quail 524

129.1

Gruiformes

Rallidae

Coturnicops noveboracensis

Yellow Rail

139

130.4

Gruiformes

Rallidae

Laterallus jamaicensis

Black Rail

123

131.2

Gruiformes

Rallidae

Rallus longirostris

Clapper Rail

340

132.1

Gruiformes

Rallidae

Rallus elegans

King Rail

3

132.2

Gruiformes

Rallidae

Rallus limicola

Virginia Rail

173

133.4 Gruiformes Rallidae Porzana palmeri Laysan Rail 426

134.2

Gruiformes

Rallidae

Porzana carolina

Sora

250

134.3 Gruiformes Rallidae Porzana sandwichensis Hawaiian Rail 426
136.1 Gruiformes Rallidae Porphyrula martinica Purple Gallinule 626
137.1 Gruiformes Rallidae Gallinula chloropus Common Moorhen 685
138.2 Gruiformes Rallidae Fulica americana American Coot 697
139.3 Gruiformes Aramidae Aramus guarauna Limpkin 627

140.1

Gruiformes

Gruidae

Grus canadensis

Sandhill Crane

31

141.1

Gruiformes

Gruidae

Grus americana

Whooping Crane

153

143.1

Charadriiformes

Charadriidae

Pluvialis squatarola

Black-bellied Plover

186

143.3

Charadriiformes

Charadriidae

Pluvialis dominica

American Golden-plover

201

144.1

Charadriiformes

Charadriidae

Pluvialis fulva

Pacific Golden-plover

202

145.3

Charadriiformes

Charadriidae

Charadrius alexandrinus

Snowy Plover

154

146.1

Charadriiformes

Charadriidae Charadrius wilsonia Wilson's Plover 516
147.1 Charadriiformes Charadriidae Charadrius semipalmatus Semipalmated Plover 444

147.2

Charadriiformes

Charadriidae

Charadrius melodus

Piping Plover

2

148.2 Charadriiformes Charadriidae Charadrius vociferus Killdeer 517

148.3

Charadriiformes

Charadriidae

Charadrius montanus

Mountain Plover

211

150.1

Charadriiformes

Haematopodidae

Haematopus palliatus

American Oystercatcher

82

150.2

Charadriiformes

Haematopodidae

Haematopus bachmani

Black Oystercatcher

155

151.1 Charadriiformes Recurvirostridae Himantopus mexicanus Black-necked Stilt 449

151.2

Charadriiformes

Recurvirostridae

Recurvirostra americana

American Avocet

275

152.1 Charadriiformes Jacanidae Jacana spinosa Northern Jacana 467

153.2

Charadriiformes

Scolopacidae

Tringa melanoleuca

Greater Yellowlegs

355

153.3 Charadriiformes Scolopacidae Tringa flavipes Lesser Yellowlegs 427

155.3

Charadriiformes

Scolopacidae

Tringa solitaria

Solitary Sandpiper

156

156.1 Charadriiformes Scolopacidae Catoptrophorus semipalmatus Willet 579

156.2

Charadriiformes

Scolopacidae

Heteroscelus incanus

Wandering Tattler

642

158.1

Charadriiformes

Scolopacidae

Actitis macularia

Spotted Sandpiper

289

159.1 Charadriiformes Scolopacidae Bartramia longicauda Upland Sandpiper 580

159.3

Charadriiformes

Scolopacidae

Numenius borealis

Eskimo Curlew

347

160.1

Charadriiformes

Scolopacidae

Numenius phaeopus

Whimbrel

219

161.1 Charadriiformes Scolopacidae Numenius tahitiensis Bristle-thighed Curlew 705
162.1 Charadriiformes Scolopacidae Numenius americanus Long-billed Curlew 628
163.1 Charadriiformes Scolopacidae Limosa haemastica Hudsonian Godwit 629
163.2 Charadriiformes Scolopacidae Limosa lapponica Bar-tailed Godwit 581
163.3 Charadriiformes Scolopacidae Limosa fedoa Marbled Godwit 492
164.1 Charadriiformes Scolopacidae Arenaria interpres Ruddy Turnstone 537
165.1 Charadriiformes Scolopacidae Arenaria melanocephala Black Turnstone 585

165.2

Charadriiformes

Scolopacidae

Aphriza virgata

Surfbird

266

166.2 Charadriiformes Scolopacidae Calidris canutus Red Knot 563

167.1

Charadriiformes

Scolopacidae

Calidris alba

Sanderling

653

167.2

Charadriiformes

Scolopacidae

Calidris pusilla

Semipalmated Sandpiper

6

168.1

Charadriiformes

Scolopacidae

Calidris mauri

Western Sandpiper

90

169.3

Charadriiformes

Scolopacidae

Calidris minutilla

Least Sandpiper

115

170.1

Charadriiformes

Scolopacidae

Calidris fuscicollis

White-rumped Sandpiper

29

170.2

Charadriiformes

Scolopacidae

Calidris bairdii

Baird's Sandpiper

661

171.1

Charadriiformes

Scolopacidae

Calidris melanotos

Pectoral Sandpiper

348

171.3 Charadriiformes Scolopacidae Calidris maritima Purple Sandpiper 706
172.1 Charadriiformes Scolopacidae Calidris ptilocnemis Rock Sandpiper 686

172.2

Charadriiformes

Scolopacidae

Calidris alpina

Dunlin

203

173.2

Charadriiformes

Scolopacidae

Calidris himantopus

Stilt Sandpiper

341

174.3

Charadriiformes

Scolopacidae

Tryngites subruficollis

Buff-breasted Sandpiper

91

175.2 Charadriiformes Scolopacidae Limnodromus griseus Short-billed Dowitcher 564
176.1 Charadriiformes Scolopacidae Limnodromus scolopaceus Long-billed Dowitcher 493
177.1

Charadriiformes

Scolopacidae Gallinago gallinago Common Snipe 417

178.2

Charadriiformes

Scolopacidae

Scolopax minor

American Woodcock

100

179.1

Charadriiformes

Scolopacidae

Phalaropus tricolor 

Wilson's Phalarope

83

179.2 Charadriiformes Scolopacidae Phalaropus lobatus Red-necked Phalarope 538
180.1 Charadriiformes Scolopacidae Phalaropus fulicarius Red Phalarope 698
182.2 Charadriiformes Laridae Stercorarius pomarinus Pomarine Jaeger 483
182.3 Charadriiformes Laridae Stercorarius parasiticus Parasitic Jaeger 445
183.1 Charadriiformes Laridae Stercorarius longicaudus Long-tailed Jaeger 365

184.1

Charadriiformes

Laridae

Larus atricilla

Laughing Gull

225

184.2

Charadriiformes

Laridae

Larus pipixcan

Franklin's Gull

116

185.1 Charadriiformes Laridae Larus minutus Little Gull 428
186.1 Charadriiformes Laridae Larus philadelphia Bonaparte's Gull 634

186.2

Charadriiformes

Laridae

Larus heermanni

Heermann's Gull

643

187.4 Charadriiformes Laridae Larus canus Mew Gull 687

188.1

Charadriiformes

Laridae

Larus delawarensis

Ring-billed Gull

33

189.1

Charadriiformes

Laridae

Larus californicus

California Gull

259

189.2

Charadriiformes

Laridae

Larus argentatus

Herring Gull

124

190.2 Charadriiformes Laridae Larus thayeri Thayer's Gull 699
190.3 Charadriiformes Laridae Larus glaucoides Iceland Gull 699

192.1

Charadriiformes

Laridae

Larus livens

Yellow-footed Gull

243

192.2

Charadriiformes

Laridae

Larus occidentalis

Western Gull

174

192.3

Charadriiformes

Laridae

Larus glaucescens

Glaucous-winged Gull

59

193.1 Charadriiformes Laridae Larus hyperboreus Glaucous Gull 573

193.2

Charadriiformes

Laridae

Larus marinus

Great Black-backed Gull

330

194.1 Charadriiformes Laridae Xema sabini Sabine's Gull 593

194.2

Charadriiformes

Laridae

Rissa tridactyla

Black-legged Kittiwake

92

195.1

Charadriiformes

Laridae

Rissa brevirostris

Red-legged Kittiwake

60

196.1

Charadriiformes

Laridae

Pagophila eburnea

Ivory Gull

175

196.2

Charadriiformes

Laridae

Sterna nilotica

Gull-billed Tern

140

197.1 Charadriiformes Laridae Sterna caspia Caspian Tern 403
197.2 Charadriiformes Laridae Sterna maxima Royal Tern 700
198.2 Charadriiformes Laridae Sterna elegans Elegant Tern 404
198.3 Charadriiformes Laridae Sterna sandvicensis Sandwich Tern 405
199.1 Charadriiformes Laridae Sterna dougallii Roseate Tern 370
199.2 Charadriiformes Laridae Sterna hirundo Common Tern 618
200.1 Charadriiformes Laridae Sterna paradisaea Arctic Tern 707
201.1 Charadriiformes Laridae Sterna forsteri Foster's Tern 595

201.3

Charadriiformes

Laridae

Sterna antillarum

Least Tern

290

202.2

Charadriiformes

Laridae

Sterna aleutica

Aleutian Tern

291

202.3 Charadriiformes Laridae Sterna lunata Gray-backed tern 525
203.1

Charadriiformes

Laridae

Sterna anaethetus Bridled Tern 468

203.2

Charadriiformes

Laridae

Sterna fuscata

Sooty Tern

665

205.2

Charadriiformes

Laridae

Chlidonias niger

Black Tern

147

206.2

Charadriiformes

Laridae

Anous stolidus

Brown Noddy

220

206.3

Charadriiformes

Laridae

Anous minutus

Black Noddy

412
207.2 Charadriiformes Laridae Gygis alba White Tern 371

208.1

Charadriiformes

Laridae

Rynchops niger

Black Skimmer

108

208.2 Charadriiformes Laridae Alle alle Dovekie 701

209.1

Charadriiformes

Alcidae

Uria aalge

Common Murre

666

209.2 Charadriiformes Alcidae Uria lomvia Thick-billed Murre 497
210.1 Charadriiformes Alcidae Alca torda Razorbill 635

210.2

Charadriiformes

Alcidae

Pinguinus impennis

Great Auk

260

211.1

Charadriiformes

Alcidae

Cepphus grylle

Black Guillemot

675

211.2

Charadriiformes

Alcidae

Cepphus columba

Pigeon Gillemot

49

212.2

Charadriiformes

Alcidae

Brachyramphus marmoratus

Marbled Murrelet

276

212.3 Charadriiformes Alcidae Brachyramphus brevirostris Kittlitz's Murrelet 435

213.1

Charadriiformes

Alcidae

Synthliboramphus hypoleucus

Xantus' Murrelet

164

214.1

Charadriiformes

Alcidae

Synthliboramphus antiquus

Ancient Murrelet

132

214.2

Charadriiformes

Alcidae

Ptychoramphus aleuticus

Cassin's Auklet

50

215.1 Charadriiformes Alcidae Aethia psittacula Parakeet Auklet 594

215.2

Charadriiformes

Alcidae

Aethia pusilla

Least Auklet

69

215.3

Charadriiformes

Alcidae

Aethia pygmaea

Whiskered Auklet

76

215.4

Charadriiformes

Alcidae

Aethia cristatella

Crested Auklet

70

216.1

Charadriiformes

Alcidae

Cerorhinca monocerata

Rhinoceros Auklet

212

216.2 Charadriiformes Alcidae Fratercula arctica Atlantic Puffin 709
217.1 Charadriiformes Alcidae Fratercula corniculata Horned Puffin 603
217.2 Charadriiformes Alcidae Fratercula cirrhata Tufted Puffin 708

218.1

Columbiformes

Columbidae

Columba livia

Rock Dove

13

219.3 Columbiformes Columbidae Columba leucocephalia White-crowned Pigeon 596

219.4

Columbiformes

Columbidae

Columba flavirostris

Red-billed Pigeon

644

220.2 Columbiformes Columbidae Columba fasciata Band-tailed Pigeon 530
222.2 Columbiformes Columbidae Streptopelia decaocto Eurasian Collared-Dove 630
222.3 Columbiformes Columbidae Streptopelia chinensis Spotted Dove 586
223.2 Columbiformes Columbidae Zenaida asiatica White-winged Dove 710

224.3

Columbiformes

Columbidae

Zenaida macroura

Mourning Dove

117

225.1 Columbiformes Columbidae Ectopistes migratorius Passenger Pigeon 611

225.3

Columbiformes

Columbidae

Columbina inca

Inca Dove

28

226.1

Columbiformes

Columbidae

Columbina passerina

Common Ground-dove

645

227.4 Columbiformes Columbidae Leptotila verreauxi White-tipped Dove 436

233.3

Psittaciformes

Psittacidae

Myiopsitta monachus

Monk Parakeet

322

234.1

Psittaciformes

Psittacidae

Conuropsis carolinensis

Carolina Parakeet

667

238.2 Psittaciformes Psittacidae Rhynchopsitta pachyrhyncha Thick-billed Parrot 406
240.1 Psittaciformes Psittacidae Brotogeris versicolurus

White-winged Parakeet

386
240.1a Psittaciformes Psittacidae Brotogeris chiriri

Yellow-chevroned   Parakeet

387

243.2

Psittaciformes

Psittacidae

Amazona viridigenalis

Red-crowned Parrot

292

247.1 Cuculiformes Cuculidae Coccyzus erythropthalmus Black-billed Cuckoo 587
247.2 Cuculiformes Cuculidae Coccyzus americanus Yellow-billed Cuckoo 418

248.1

Cuculiformes

Cuculidae

Coccyzus minor

Mangrove Cuckoo

299

251.3

Cuculiformes

Cuculidae

Geococcyx californianus

Greater Roadrunner

244

252.2 Cuculiformes Cuculidae Crotophaga ani Smooth-billed Ani 539
252.3 Cuculiformes Cuculidae Crotophaga sulcirostris Groove-billed Ani 612

253.1

Strigiformes

Tytonidae

Tyto alba

Barn Owl

1

254.1

Strigiformes

Strigidae

Otus flammeolus

Flammulated Owl

93

254.3 Strigiformes Strigidae Otus kennicotti Western Screech-Owl 597

255.1

Strigiformes

Strigidae

Otus asio

Eastern Screech-owl

165

255.4 Strigiformes Strigidae Otus trichopsis Whiskered Screech-Owl 507
257.5 Strigiformes Strigidae Bubo Virginianus Great Horned Owl 372

258.1

Strigiformes

Strigidae

Nyctea scandiaca

Snowy Owl

10

258.2

Strigiformes

Strigidae

Surnia ulula

Northern Hawk Owl

356

259.1 Strigiformes Strigidae Glaucidium gnoma Northern Pygmy-owl 494
260.2 Strigiformes Strigidae Glaucidium brasilianum Ferruginous Pygmy-owl 498
261.1

Strigiformes

Strigidae

Micrathene whitneyi Elf Owl 413

261.2

Strigiformes

Strigidae

Athene cunicularia Genus on cover: Speotyto

Burrowing Owl

61

262.3

Strigiformes

Strigidae

Strix occidentalis

Spotted Owl

179

263.1 Strigiformes Strigidae Strix varia Barred Owl 508

263.3

Strigiformes

Strigidae

Strix nebulosa

Great Gray Owl

41

264.1

Strigiformes

Strigidae

Asio otus

Long-eared Owl

133

264.3

Strigiformes

Strigidae

Asio flammeus

Short-eared Owl

62

265.3

Strigiformes

Strigidae

Aegolius funereus

Boreal Owl

63

266.1

Strigiformes

Strigidae

Aegolius acadicus

Northern Saw-whet Owl

42

267.2

Caprimulgiformes

Caprimulgidae

Chordeiles acutipennis

Lesser Nighthawk

314

268.1

Caprimulgiformes

Caprimulgidae

Chordeiles minor

Common Nighthawk

213

268.2 Caprimulgiformes Caprimulgidae Chordeiles gundlachii Antillean Nighthawk 619
268.3 Caprimulgiformes Caprimulgidae Nyctidromus albicollis Common Pauraque 429

269.1

Caprimulgiformes

Caprimulgidae

Phalaenoptilus nuttallii

Common Poorwill

32

270.4 Caprimulgiformes Caprimulgidae Caprimulgus carolinensis Chuck-will's-widow 499

272.1

Caprimulgiformes

Caprimulgidae

Caprimulgus ridgwayi

Buff-collared Nightjar

267

272.2 Caprimulgiformes Caprimulgidae Caprimulgus vociferus Whip-poor-will 620

275.1

Apodiformes

Apodidae

Cypseloides niger

Black Swift

676

277.2

Apodiformes

Apodidae

Chaetura pelagica

Chimney Swift

646

277.3

Apodiformes

Apodidae

Chaetura vauxi

Vaux's Swift

77

281.1 Apodiformes Apodidae Aeronautes saxatalis White-throated Swift 526
293.4 Apodiformes Trochilidae Cynanthus latirostris Broad-billed Hummingbird 430
296.2 Apodiformes Trochilidae Hylocharis xantusii Xantus's Hummingbird 554
300.1 Apodiformes Trochilidae Amazilia yucatanensis Buff-bellied Hummingbird 388
300.4 Apodiformes Trochilidae Amazilia violiceps Violet-crowned Hummingbird 688
304.1 Apodiformes Trochilidae Lampornis clemenciae Blue-throated Hummingbird 531

305.3

Apodiformes

Trochilidae

Eugenes fulgens

Magnificent Hummingbird

221

308.3

Apodiformes

Trochilidae

Calothorax lucifer

Lucifer Hummingbird

134

309.1

Apodiformes

Trochilidae

Archilochus colubris

Ruby-throated Hummingbird

204

309.2 Apodiformes Trochilidae Archilochus alexandri Black-chinned Hummingbird 495

310.3

Apodiformes

Trochilidae

Calypte anna

Anna's Hummingbird

226

310.4

Apodiformes

Trochilidae

Calypte costae

Costa's Hummingbird

251

311.1

Apodiformes

Trochilidae

Stellula calliope

Calliope Hummingbird

135

312.2

Apodiformes

Trochilidae

Selasphorus platycercus

Broad-tailed Hummingbird

16

312.3

Apodiformes

Trochilidae

Selasphorus rufus

Rufous Hummingbird

53

313.1 Apodiformes Trochilidae Selasphorus sasin Allen's Hummingbird 501

316.2

Trogoniformes

Trogonidae

Trogon elegans

Elegant Trogon

357

323.1 Coraciiformes Alcedinidae Megaceryle torquata Ringed Kingfisher

718 online only

323.2

Coraciiformes

Alcedinidae

Ceryle alcyon

Belted Kingfisher

84

324.1 Coraciiformes Alcedinidae Chloroceryle americana Green Kingfisher 621

332.2

Piciformes

Picidae

Melanerpes lewis

Lewis' Woodpecker

284

333.3 Piciformes Picidae Melanerpes erythrocephalus Red-headed Woodpecker 518

333.4

Piciformes

Picidae

Melanerpes formicivorus

Acorn Woodpecker

194

335.3 Piciformes Picidae Melanerpes uropygialis Gila Woodpecker 532
335.5 Piciformes Picidae Melanerpes aurifrons Golden-fronted Woodpecker 373
336.1 Piciformes Picidae Melanerpes carolinus Red-bellied Woodpecker 500

336.3

Piciformes

Picidae

Sphyrapicus thyroideus

Williamson's Sapsucker

285

337.1

Piciformes

Picidae

Sphyrapicus varius

Yellow-bellied Sapsucker

662

337.2

Piciformes

Picidae

Sphyrapicus ruber

Red-naped Sapsucker

663

338.1

Piciformes

Picidae

Sphyrapicus ruber

Red-breasted Sapsucker

663

339.1 Piciformes Picidae Picoides scalaris Ladder-backed Woodpecker 565
339.2 Piciformes Picidae Picoides nuttallii Nuttall's Woodpecker 555
339.3 Piciformes Picidae Picoides pubescens Downy Woodpecker 613
339.4 Piciformes Picidae Picoides villosus Hairy Woodpecker 702
340.1 Piciformes Picidae Picoides stricklandi Strickland's Woodpecker 474

340.2

Piciformes

Picidae

Picoides borealis

Red-cockaded Woodpecker

85

340.3

Piciformes

Picidae

Picoides albolarvatus

White-headed Woodpecker

252

341.1 Piciformes Picidae Picoides tridactylus Three-toed Woodpecker 588
341.2 Piciformes Picidae Picoides arcticus Black-backed Woodpecker 509

344.1

Piciformes

Picidae

Colaptes auratus

Northern Flicker

166

346.1

Piciformes

Picidae

Dryocopus pileatus

Pileated Woodpecker

148

347.2 Piciformes Picidae Campephilus principalis Ivory-billed Woodpecker 711
373.3 Passeriformes Tyrannidae Camptostoma imberbe Northern Beardless-Tyrannulet 519
390.1 Passeriformes Tyrannidae Contopus cooperi Olive-sided Flycatcher 502
390.2 Passeriformes Tyrannidae Contopus pertinax Greater Pewee 450
391.3 Passeriformes Tyrannidae Contopus sordidulus Western Wood-Pewee 451

392.1

Passeriformes

Tyrannidae

Contopus virens

Eastern Wood-Pewee

245

393.4 Passeriformes Tyrannidae Empidonax flaviventris Yellow-bellied Flycatcher 566
394.1 Passeriformes Tyrannidae Empidonax virescens Acadian Flycatcher 614
394.2 Passeriformes Tyrannidae Empidonax alnorum Alder Flycatcher 446
395.1 Passeriformes Tyrannidae Empidonax trailii Willow Flycatcher 533

395.3

Passeriformes

Tyrannidae

Empidonax minimus

Least Flycatcher

99

396.1

Passeriformes

Tyrannidae

Empidonax hammondii

Hammond's Flycatcher

109

396.2 Passeriformes Tyrannidae Empidonax wrightii Gray Flycatcher 458

397.1

Passeriformes

Tyrannidae

Empidonax oberholseri

Dusky Flycatcher

78

397.3 Passeriformes Tyrannidae Empidonax difficilis Pacific-slope Flycatcher 556
398.1 Passeriformes Tyrannidae Empidonax occidentalis Cordilleran Flycatcher 556

398.3

Passeriformes

Tyrannidae

Empidonax fulvifrons

Buff-breasted Flycatcher

125

399.1

Passeriformes

Tyrannidae

Sayornis nigricans

Black Phoebe

268

399.2

Passeriformes

Tyrannidae

Sayornis phoebe

Eastern Phoebe

94

400.1 Passeriformes Tyrannidae Sayornis saya Say's Phoebe 374
400.2 Passeriformes Tyrannidae Pyrocephalus rubinus Vermilion Flycatcher 484
403.4 Passeriformes Tyrannidae Myiarchus tuberculifer Dusky-capped Flycatcher 631

404.2

Passeriformes

Tyrannidae

Myiarchus cinerascens

Ash-throated Flycatcher

664

405.1

Passeriformes

Tyrannidae

Myiarchus crinitus

Great Crested Flycatcher

300

405.2 Passeriformes Tyrannidae Myiarchus tyrannulus Brown-crested Flycatcher 496
407.3 Passeriformes Tyrannidae Pitangus sulphuratus Great Kiskadee 622
410.2 Passeriformes Tyrannidae Nyiodynastes luteiventris Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher 475

411.2

Passeriformes

Tyrannidae

Tyrannus melancholicus

Tropical Kingbird

358

412.1 Passeriformes Tyrannidae Tyrannus couchii Couch's Kingbird 437
412.2 Passeriformes Tyrannidae Tyrannus vociferans Cassin's Kingbird 534
412.3 Passeriformes Tyrannidae Tyrannus crassirostris Thick-billed Kingbird 604

413.1

Passeriformes

Tyrannidae

Tyrannus verticalis

Western Kingbird

227

413.2

Passeriformes

Tyrannidae

Tyrannus tyrannus

Eastern Kingbird

253

414.1

Passeriformes

Tyrannidae

Tyrannus dominicensis

Gray Kingbird

668

414.4

Passeriformes

Tyrannidae

Tyrannus forficatus

Scissor-tailed Flycatcher

342

427.2 Passeriformes Meliphagidae Moho braccatus Kauai 'O'o 535
427.3 Passeriformes Meliphagidae Moho apicalis O'ahu 'O'o 535
427.4 Passeriformes Meliphagidae Moho bishopi Bishop's 'O'o 535
428.1 Passeriformes Meliphagidae Moho nobilis Hawai'i 'O'o 535
428.2 Passeriformes Meliphagidae Chaetoptila angustipluma Kioea 535

428.4

Passeriformes

Laniidae

Lanius ludovicianus

Loggerhead Shrike

231

429.1

Passeriformes

Laniidae

Lanius excubitor

Northern Shrike

671

430.2

Passeriformes

Vireonidae

Vireo griseus

White-eyed Vireo

168

432.4

Passeriformes

Vireonidae

Vireo bellii

Bell's Vireo

35

432.5

Passeriformes

Vireonidae

Vireo atricapillus

Black-capped Vireo

181

433.2 Passeriformes Vireonidae Vireo vicinior Gray Vireo 447

433.4

Passeriformes

Vireonidae

Vireo flavifrons

Yellow-throated Vireo

247

434.1 Passeriformes Vireonidae Vireo plumbeus Plumbeous Vireo 366
434.2 Passeriformes Vireonidae Vireo cassinii Cassin's Vireo 615
435.1 Passeriformes Vireonidae Vireo salitarius Blue-headed Vireo 379

435.3

Passeriformes

Vireonidae

Vireo huttoni

Hutton's Vireo

189

436.2 Passeriformes Vireonidae Vireo gilvus Warbling Vireo 551

437.1

Passeriformes

Vireonidae

Vireo philadelphicus

Philadelphia Vireo

214

438.2 Passeriformes Vireonidae Vireo altiloquus Black-whiskered Vireo 607
437.2 Passeriformes Vireonidae Vireo olivaceus Red-eyed Vireo 527

441.2

Passeriformes

Corvidae

Perisoreus canadensis

Gray Jay

40

442.1

Passeriformes

Corvidae

Cyanocitta stelleri

Steller's Jay

343

442.2 Passeriformes Corvidae Cyanocitta cristata Blue Jay 469

443.5

Passeriformes

Corvidae

Cyanocorax yncas

Green Jay

187

446.2

Passeriformes

Corvidae

Aphelocoma coerulescens

Florida Scrub-Jay

228

446.3 Passeriformes Corvidae Aphelocoma insularis Island Scrub-Jay 713
446.4 Passeriformes Corvidae Aphelocoma californica Western Scrub-Jay 712

447.1

Passeriformes

Corvidae

Aphelocoma ultramarina

Mexican Jay

118

447.3 Passeriformes Corvidae Gymnorhinus cyanocephalus Pinyon Jay 605

448.1

Passeriformes

Corvidae

Nucifraga columbiana

Clark's Nutcracker

331

448.2 Passeriformes Corvidae Pica pica Black-billed Magpie 389

449.1

Passeriformes

Corvidae

Pica nuttalli

Yellow-billed Magpie

180

449.3

Passeriformes

Corvidae

Corvus brachyrhynchos

American Crow

647

450.1 Passeriformes Corvidae Corvus caurinus Northwestern Crow 407
451.4 Passeriformes Corvidae Corvus ossifragus Fish Crow 589

451.5

Passeriformes

Corvidae

Corus hawaiiensis

Hawaiian Crow

648

452.1 Passeriformes Corvidae Corvus cryptoleucus Chihuahuan Raven 606
452.2 Passeriformes Corvidae Corvus corax Common Raven 476

452.3

Passeriformes

Monarchidae

Chasiempis sandwichensis

'Elepaio

344

453.1

Passeriformes

Alaudidae

Alauda arvensis

Sky Lark

286

454.1

Passeriformes

Alaudidae

Eremophila alpestris

Horned Lark

195

454.2

Passeriformes

Hirundinidae

Progne subis

Purple Martin

287

457.1

Passeriformes

Hirundinidae

Tachycineta bicolor

Tree Swallow

11

458.2

Passeriformes

Hirundinidae

Tachycineta thalassina

Violet-green Swallow

14

459.3

Passeriformes

Hirundinidae

Stelgidopteryx serripennis

Northern Rough-winged Swallow

234

460.2

Passeriformes

Hirundinidae

Riparia riparia Bank Swallow 414

461.1

Passeriformes

Hirundinidae

Petrochelidon pyrrhonota        Genus on cover: Hirundo

Cliff Swallow

149

461.2

Passeriformes

Hirundinidae

Petrochelidon fulva Genus on cover: Hirundo

Cave Swallow

141

462.1 Passeriformes Hirundinidae Hirundo rustica Barn Swallow 452
463.2 Passeriformes Paridae Poecile carolinensis Carolina Chickadee 636

463.3

Passeriformes

Paridae

Poecile atricapillus   Genus on cover: Parus

Black-capped Chickadee

39

464.1 Passeriformes Paridae Poecile gambeli Mountain Chickadee 453

464.2

Passeriformes

Paridae

Poecile sclateri  Genus on cover: Parus

Mexican Chickadee

8

465.1 Passeriformes Paridae Poecile rufescens Chestnut-backed Chickadee 689

465.2

Passeriformes

Paridae

Poecile hudsonicus  Genus on cover: Parus

Boreal Chickadee

254

465.3

Passeriformes

Paridae

Poecile cinctus   Genus on cover: Parus

Siberian Tit   AOU: Grey-headed Chickadee

196

466.1 Passeriformes Paridae Baeolophus wollweberi Bridled Titmouse 375
466.2 Passeriformes Paridae Baeolophus inornatus Oak Titmouse 485
466.3 Passeriformes Paridae Baeolophus ridgwayi Juniper Titmouse 485

466.4

Passeriformes

Paridae

Baeolophus bicolor

Tufted Titmouse

86

467.1 Passeriformes Paridae Baeolophus atricristatus Black-crested Titmouse 717 online only
467.1 Passeriformes Remizidae Auriparus flaviceps Verdin 470
467.2 Passeriformes Aegithalidae Psaltriparus minimus Bushtit 598
468.1 Passeriformes Sittidae Sitta canadensis Red-breasted Nuthatch 459

469.1

Passeriformes

Sittidae

Sitta carolinensis

White-breasted Nuthatch

54

469.2 Passeriformes Sittidae Sitta pygmaea Pygmy Nuthatch 567

469.3

Passeriformes

Sittidae

Sitta pusilla

Brown-headed Nuthatch

349

470.1

Passeriformes

Certhidae

Certhia americana

Brown Creeper

669

473.3 Passeriformes Troglodytidae Campylorhynchus brunneicapillus Cactus Wren 558
473.4 Passeriformes

Troglodytidae

Salpinctes obsoletus Rock Wren 486

474.1

Passeriformes

Troglodytidae

Catherpes mexicanus

Canyon Wren

197

478.1

Passeriformes

Troglodytidae

Thryothorus ludovicianus

Carolina Wren

188

479.2

Passeriformes

Troglodytidae

Thryomanes bewickii

Bewick's Wren

315

480.2 Passeriformes Troglodytidae Troglodytes aedon House Wren 380
482.1 Passeriformes Troglodytidae Troglodytes troglodytes Winter Wren 623
482.2 Passeriformes Troglodytidae Cistothorus platensis Sedge Wren 582

483.1

Passeriformes

Troglodytidae

Cistothorus palustris

Marsh Wren

308

486.2

Passeriformes

Cinclidae

Cinclus mexicanus

American Dipper

229

487.1 Passeriformes Pycnonotidae Pycnonotus cafer Red-vented Bulbul 520
487.2 Passeriformes Pycnonotidae Pycnonotus jocosus Red-whiskered Bulbul 520

487.3

Passeriformes

Regulidae

Regulus satrapa

Golden-crowned Kinglet

301

488.1

Passeriformes

Regulidae

Regulus calendula

Ruby-crowned Kinglet

119

490.1

Passeriformes

Sylviidae

Acrocephalus familiaris

Laysan and Nihoa Millerbird

302

490.4 Passeriformes Sylviidae Phylloscopus borealis Arctic Warbler 590

492.1

Passeriformes

Sylviidae

Polioptila caerulea

Blue-gray Gnatcatcher

23

492.3 Passeriformes Sylviidae Polioptila californica California Gnatcatcher 574
492.4 Passeriformes Sylviidae Polioptila melanura Black-tailed Gnatcatcher 690

496.1

Passeriformes

Turdidae

Luscinia svecica

Bluethroat

670

497.1 Passeriformes Turdidae  On cover:  Muscicapidae Copsychus malabaricus White-rumped Shama 378

497.2

Passeriformes

Turdidae

Oenanthe oenanthe

Northern Wheatear

316

498.2 Passeriformes Turdidae Sialia sialis Eastern Bluebird 381
498.3 Passeriformes Turdidae Sialia mexicana Western Bluebird 510

499.1

Passeriformes

Turdidae

Sialia currucoides

Mountain Bluebird

222

499.2

Passeriformes

Turdidae

Myadestes townsendi

Townsend's Solitaire

269

501.3 Passeriformes Turdidae Myadestes myadestinus Kama'o 460
501.4 Passeriformes Turdidae Myadestes woahensis 'Amaui 460
501.5 Passeriformes Turdidae Myadestes lanaiensis Oloma'o 460
501.6 Passeriformes Turdidae Myadestes obscurus 'Oma'o 460
502.1 Passeriformes Turdidae Myadestes palmeri Puaiohi 461

503.5

Passeriformes

Turdidae

Catharus fuscescens

Veery

142

504.1 Passeriformes Turdidae Catharus minimus Gray-cheeked Thrush 591
505.1 Passeriformes Turdidae Catharus bicknelli Bicknell's Thrush 592
505.2 Passeriformes Turdidae Catharus ustulatus Swainson's Thrush 540

505.3

Passeriformes

Turdidae

Catharus guttatus

Hermit Thrush

261

506.1

Passeriformes

Turdidae

Hylocichla mustelina

Wood Thrush

246

511.3 Passeriformes Turdidae Turdus migratorius American Robin 462
513.1 Passeriformes Turdidae Ixoreus naevius Varied Thrush 541

514.3

Passeriformes

Timaliidae

Leiothreix lutea

Red-billed Leiothrix

359

514.4

Passeriformes

Timaliidae

Chamaea fasciata

Wrentit

654

515.1 Passeriformes Zosteropidae Zosterops japonicus Japanese White-eye 487

515.2

Passeriformes

Mimidae

Dumetella carolinensis

Gray Catbird

167

516.2

Passeriformes

Mimidae

Mimus polyglottos

Northern Mockingbird

7

517.3 Passeriformes Mimidae Oreoscoptes montanus Sage Thrasher 463
518.2 Passeriformes Mimidae Toxostoma rufum Brown Thrasher 557

519.1

Passeriformes

Mimidae

Toxostoma longirostre

Long-billed Thrasher

317

519.4

Passeriformes

Mimidae

Toxostoma bendirei

Bendire's Thrasher

71

520.2

Passeriformes

Mimidae

Toxostoma curvirostre

Curve-billed Thrasher

235

520.3

Passeriformes

Mimidae

Toxostoma redivivum

California Thrasher

323

520.4 Passeriformes Mimidae Toxostoma crissale Crissal Thrasher 419

521.1

Passeriformes

Mimidae

Toxostoma lecontei

Le Conte's Thrasher

230

523.2

Passeriformes

Sturnidae

Sturnus vulgaris

European Starling

48

524.1 Passeriformes Sturnidae Acridotheres tristis Common Myna 583

524.2

Passeriformes

Sturnidae

Acridotheres cristatellus

Crested Myna

157

525.2 Passeriformes Motacillidae Motacilla flava Yellow Wagtail 382

526.2

Passeriformes

Motacillidae

Motacilla alba

White Wagtail

236

527.1

Passeriformes

Motacillidae

Motacilla lugens

Black-backed Wagtail

237

528.2

Passeriformes

Motacillidae

Anthus rubescens

American Pipit

95

529.1 Passeriformes Motacillidae Anthus spragueii Spragues's Pipit 439
530.1 Passeriformes Bombycillidae Bombycilla garrulus Bohemian Waxwing 714

530.2

Passeriformes

Bombycillidae

Bombycilla cedrorum

Cedar Waxwing

309

531.4 Passeriformes Ptilogonatidae Phainopepla nitens Phainopepla 415

532.2

Passeriformes

Parulidae  On cover: Peucedramidae

Peucedramus taeniatus

Olive Warbler

310

533.1

Passeriformes

Parulidae

Vermivora bachmanii

Bachman's Warbler

150

533.2 Passeriformes Parulidae Vermivora pinus Blue-winged Warbler 584

534.1

Passeriformes

Parulidae

Vermivora chrysoptera

Golden-winged Warbler

20

534.2

Passeriformes

Parulidae

Vermivora peregrina

Tennessee Warbler

350

535.1

Passeriformes

Parulidae

Vermivora celata

Orange-crowned Warbler

101

535.2

Passeriformes

Parulidae

Vermivora ruficapilla

Nashville Warbler

205

536.1 Passeriformes Parulidae Vermivora virginiae Virginia's Warbler 477
536.2 Passeriformes Parulidae Vermivora crissalis Colima Warbler 383

537.1

Passeriformes

Parulidae

Vermivora luciae

Lucy's Warbler

318

538.1

Passeriformes

Parulidae

Parula americana

Northern Parula

215

538.2

Passeriformes

Parulidae

Parula pitiayumi

Tropical Parula

293

539.1 Passeriformes Parulidae Dendroica petechia Yellow Warbler 454

540.1

Passeriformes

Parulidae

Dendroica pensylvanica

Chestnut-sided Warbler

190

540.2

Passeriformes

Parulidae

Dendroica magnolia

Magnolia Warbler

136

541.1

Passeriformes

Parulidae

Dendroica tigrina

Cape May Warbler

332

541.2

Passeriformes

Parulidae

Dendroica caerulescens

Black-throated Blue Warbler

87

542.1 Passeriformes Parulidae Dendroica coronata Yellow-rumpted Warbler 376
543.2 Passeriformes Parulidae Dendroica chrysoparia Golden-cheeked warbler 420

543.1

Passeriformes

Parulidae

Dendroica nigrescens

Black-throated Gray Warbler

319

543.3

Passeriformes

Parulidae

Dendroica virens

Black-throated Green Warbler

55

544.1

Passeriformes

Parulidae

Dendroica townsendi

Townsend's Warbler

333

545.1

Passeriformes

Parulidae

Dendroica occidentalis

Hermit Warbler

303

545.2

Passeriformes

Parulidae

Dendroica fusca

Blackburnian Warbler

102

546.1

Passeriformes

Parulidae

Dendroica dominica

Yellow-throated Warbler

223

546.2

Passeriformes

Parulidae

Dendroica graciae

Grace's Warbler

677

547.2 Passeriformes Parulidae Dendroica pinus Pine Warbler 438

547.3

Passeriformes

Parulidae

Dendroica kirtlandii

Kirtland's Warbler

19

548.1 Passeriformes Parulidae Dendroica discolor Prairie Warbler 455

548.3

Passeriformes

Parulidae

Dendroica palmarum

Palm Warbler

238

549.1

Passeriformes

Parulidae

Dendroica castanea

Bay-breasted Warbler

206

549.2 Passeriformes Parulidae Dendroica striata Blackpoll Warbler 431
550.1 Passeriformes Parulidae Dendroica cerulea Cerulean Warbler 511

551.5

Passeriformes

Parulidae

Mniotilta varia

Black-and-white Warbler

158

552.1

Passeriformes

Parulidae

Setophaga ruticilla

American Redstart

277

553.1 Passeriformes Parulidae Protonotaria citrea Prothonotary Warbler 408
553.2 Passeriformes Parulidae Helmitheros vermivorus Worm-eating Warbler 367

554.1

Passeriformes

Parulidae

Limnothlypis swainsonii

Swainson's Warbler

126

554.2

Passeriformes

Parulidae

Seiurus aurocapillus

Ovenbird

88

555.1

Passeriformes

Parulidae

Seiurus noveboracensis

Northern Waterthrush

182

555.2

Passeriformes

Parulidae

Seiurus motacilla

Louisiana Waterthrush

151

556.1

Passeriformes

Parulidae

Oporornis formosus

Kentucky Warbler

324

556.2

Passeriformes

Parulidae

Oporornis agilis

Connecticut Warbler

320

557.1

Passeriformes

Parulidae

Oporornis philadelphia

Mourning Warbler

72

557.2

Passeriformes

Parulidae

Oporornis tolmiei

MacGillivray's Warbler

159

558.1 Passeriformes Parulidae Geothlypis trichas Common Yellowthroat 448

561.3

Passeriformes

Parulidae

Wilsonia citrina

Hooded Warbler

110

562.1 Passeriformes Parulidae Wilsonia pusilla Wilson's Warbler 478
562.2 Passeriformes Parulidae Wilsonia canadensis Canada Warbler 421

563.1

Passeriformes

Parulidae

Cardellina rubrifrons

Red-faced Warbler

152

564.1 Passeriformes Parulidae Myioborus pictus Painted Redstart 528
567.3 Passeriformes Parulidae Icteria virens Yellow-breasted Chat 575

577.3

Passeriformes

Thraupidae

Piranga flava

Hepatic Tanager

655

578.1

Passeriformes

Thraupidae

Piranga rubra

Summer Tanager

248

578.2 Passeriformes Thraupidae Piranga olivacea Scarlet Tanager 479
579.1 Passeriformes Thraupidae Piranga ludoviciana Western Tanager 432

592.3

Passeriformes

Emberizidae

Sporophila torqueola

White-collared Seedeater

278

602.4

Passeriformes

Emberizidae

Arremonops rufivirigatus

Olive Sparrow

325

604.3 Passeriformes Emberizidae Pipilo chlorurus Green-tailed Towhee 368

605.2

Passeriformes

Emberizidae

Pipilo maculatus

Spotted Towhee

263

605.3

Passeriformes

Emberizidae

Pipilo erythrophthalmus

Eastern Towhee

262

606.2

Passeriformes

Emberizidae

Pipilo fuscus

Canyon Towhee

264

606.3 Passeriformes Emberizidae Pipilo crissalis California Towhee 632

606.4

Passeriformes

Emberizidae

Pipilo aberti

Abert's Towhee

111

607.5 Passeriformes Emberizidae Aimophila carpalis Rufous-winged Sparrow 422
607.6 Passeriformes Emberizidae Aimophila cassinii Cassin's Sparrow 471

608.1

Passeriformes

Emberizidae

Aimophila aestivalis

Bachman's Sparrow

38

608.2

Passeriformes

Emberizidae

Aimophila botterii

Botteri's Sparrow

216

608.3 Passeriformes Emberizidae Aimophila ruficeps Rufous-crowned Sparrow 472

609.3

Passeriformes

Emberizidae

Aimophila quinquestriata

Five-striped Sparrow

21

610.3

Passeriformes

Emberizidae

Spizella arborea

American Tree Sparrow

37

610.4

Passeriformes

Emberizidae

Spizella passerina

Chipping Sparrow

334

611.1

Passeriformes

Emberizidae

Spizella pallida

Clay-colored Sparrow

120

611.2 Passeriformes Emberizidae Spizella breweri Brewer's Sparrow 390

612.1

Passeriformes

Emberizidae

Spizella pusilla

Field Sparrow

103

612.3

Passeriformes

Emberizidae

Spizella atrogularis

Black-chinned Sparrow

270

613.1 Passeriformes Emberizidae Pooecetes gramineus Vesper Sparrow 624
613.2 Passeriformes Emberizidae Chondestes grammacus Lark Sparrow 488
614.1 Passeriformes Emberizidae Amphispiza bilineata Black-throated Sparrow 637

614.2

Passeriformes

Emberizidae

Amphispiza belli

Sage Sparrow

326

615.1 Passeriformes Emberizidae Calamospiza melanocorys Lark Bunting 542

615.2

Passeriformes

Emberizidae

Passerculus sandwichensis

Savannah Sparrow

45

616.1

Passeriformes

Emberizidae

Ammodramus savannarum

Grasshopper Sparrow

239

617.1 Passeriformes Emberizidae Ammodramus bairdii Baird's Sparrow 638

617.2

Passeriformes

Emberizidae

Ammodramus henslowii

Henslow's Sparrow

672

618.1

Passeriformes

Emberizidae

Ammodramus leconteii

Le Conte's Sparrow

224

618.2 Passeriformes Emberizidae Ammodramus nelsoni Nelson's Sparrow 719

619.1

Passeriformes

Emberizidae

Ammodramus caudacutus

Sharp-tailed Sparrow

112

619.2

Passeriformes

Emberizidae

Ammodramus maritimus

Seaside Sparrow

127

620.1 Passeriformes Emberizidae Passerella itiaca Fox Sparrow 715
621.1 Passeriformes Emberizidae Melospiza melodia Song Sparrow 704

621.2

Passeriformes

Emberizidae

Melospiza lincolnii

Lincoln's Sparrow

191

622.1

Passeriformes

Emberizidae

Melospiza georgiana

Swamp Sparrow

279

622.3

Passeriformes

Emberizidae

Zonotrichia albicollis

White-throated Sparrow

128

623.1

Passeriformes

Emberizidae

Zonotrichia querula

Harris' Sparrow

64

623.2

Passeriformes

Emberizidae

Zonotrichia leucophrys

White-crowned Sparrow

183

624.1

Passeriformes

Emberizidae

Zonotrichia atricapilla

Golden-crowned Sparrow

352

625.1 Passeriformes Emberizidae Junco hyemalis Dark-eyed Junco 716
626.1 Passeriformes Emberizidae Junco phaeonotus Yellow-eyed Junco 464

626.2

Passeriformes

Emberizidae

Calcarius mccownii

McCown's Longspur

96

627.1

Passeriformes

Emberizidae

Calcarius lapponicus

Lapland Longspur

656

627.2

Passeriformes

Emberizidae

Calcarius pictus

Smith's Longspur

34

627.3

Passeriformes

Emberizidae

Calcarius ornatus

Chestnut-collared Longspur

288

630.1

Passeriformes

Emberizidae

Plectrophenax nivalis

Snow Bunting

198

630.2

Passeriformes

Emberizidae

Plectrophenax hyperboreus

McKay's bunting

199

633.3 Passeriformes Cardinalidae Cardinalis cardinalis  Northern Cardinal 440
634.1 Passeriformes Cardinalidae Cardinalis sinuatus Pyrrhuloxia 391
635.1 Passeriformes Cardinalidae Pheucticus ludovicianus Rose-breasted Grosbeak 692

635.2

Passeriformes

Cardinalidae

Pheucticus melanocephalus

Black-headed Grosbeak

143

636.3

Passeriformes

Cardinalidae

Guiraca caerulea

Blue Grosbeak

79

637.2

Passeriformes

Cardinalidae

Passerina amoena

Lazuli Bunting

232

637.3

Passeriformes

Cardinalidae (on cover: Emberizidae)

Passerina cyanea

Indigo Bunting

4

638.1

Passeriformes

Cardinalidae

Passerina versicolor

Varied Bunting

351

638.3 Passeriformes Cardinalidae Passerina ciris Painted Bunting 398
639.1 Passeriformes Cardinalidae Spiza americana Dickcissel 703

640.1

Passeriformes

Icteridae

Dolichonyx oryzivorus

Bobolink

176

640.2

Passeriformes

Icteridae

Agelaius phoeniceus

Red-winged Blackbird

184

641.2 Passeriformes

Icteridae

Agelaius tricolor Tricolored Blackbird 423

642.3

Passeriformes

Icteridae

Sturnella magna

Eastern Meadowlark

160

643.1

Passeriformes

Icteridae

Sturnella neglecta

Western meadowlark

104

643.2

Passeriformes

Icteridae

Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus

Yellow-headed Blackbird

192

645.1

Passeriformes

Icteridae

Euphagus carolinus

Rusty Blackbird

200

645.2 Passeriformes Icteridae Euphagus cyanocephalus Brewer's Blackbird 616

646.1

Passeriformes

Icteridae

Quiscalus quiscula

Common Grackle

271

646.2

Passeriformes

Icteridae

Quiscalus major

Boat-tailed Grackle

207

646.3 Passeriformes Icteridae Quiscalus mexicanus Great-tailed Grackle 576
648.1 Passeriformes Icteridae Molothrus bonariensis Shiny Cowbird 399

648.2

Passeriformes

Icteridae

Molothrus aeneus

Bronzed Cowbird

144

648.3

Passeriformes

Icteridae

Molothrus ater

Brown-headed Cowbird

47

650.5

Passeriformes

Icteridae

Icterus spurius

Orchard Oriole

255

651.1 Passeriformes Icteridae Icterus cucullatus Hooded Oriole 568

653.4

Passeriformes

Icteridae

Icterus gularis

Altamira Oriole

56

654.1 Passeriformes

Icteridae

Icterus graduacauda Audubon's Oriole 691
654.2 Passeriformes Icteridae Icterus galbula Baltimore Oriole 384
655.1 Passeriformes Icteridae Icterus bullockii Bullock's Oriole 416
655.3 Passeriformes Icteridae Icterus parisorum Scott's Oriole 608
659.1 Passeriformes Fringillidae Leucosticte tephrocotis Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch 559

659.2

Passeriformes

Fringillidae

Leucosticte atrata

Black Rosy-Finch

678

660.1 Passeriformes Fringillidae Leucosticte australis Brown-capped Rosy-Finch 536
660.2 Passeriformes Fringillidae Pinicola enucleator Pine Grosbeak 456

661.2

Passeriformes

Fringillidae

Carpodacus purpureus

Purple Finch

208

661.3

Passeriformes

Fringillidae

Carpodacus cassinii

Cassin's Finch

240

662.1

Passeriformes

Fringillidae

Carpodacus mexicanus

House Finch

46

662.2

Passeriformes

Fringillidae

Loxia curvirostra

Red Crossbill

256

663.1

Passeriformes

Fringillidae

Loxia leucoptera

White-winged crossbill

27

664.1 Passeriformes Fringillidae Carduelis flammea Common Redpoll 543
664.2 Passeriformes Fringillidae Carduelis hornemanni Hoary Redpoll 544

665.2

Passeriformes

Fringillidae

Carduelis pinus

Pine Siskin

280

667.3 Passeriformes Fringillidae Carduelis psaltria Lesser Goldfinch 392
667.4 Passeriformes Fringillidae Carduelis lawrencei Lawrence's Gold finch 480

668.1

Passeriformes

Fringillidae

Carduelis tristis

American Goldfinch

80

670.2 Passeriformes Fringillidae Coccothraustes vespertinus Evening Grosbeak 599
671.1 Passeriformes Fringillidae Telespiza cantans Laysan Finch 639
671.2 Passeriformes Fringillidae Telespiza ultima Nihoa Finch 639

671.3

Passeriformes

Fringillidae

Psittirostra psittacea

'O'u

335

672.1

Passeriformes

Fringillidae

Dysmorodrepanis munroi

Lana'i Hookbill

336

672.2

Passeriformes

Fringillidae

Loxioides bailleui

Palila

679

672.3 Passeriformes Fringillidae Rhodacanthis flaviceps Lesser Koa-Finch 424
672.4 Passeriformes Fringillidae Rhodacanthis palmeri Greater Koa-Finch 424
673.1 Passeriformes Fringillidae Chloridops kona Kona Grosbeak 424

673.2

Passeriformes

Fringillidae

Pseudonestor xanthophrys

Maui Parrotbill

311

673.3

Passeriformes

Fringillidae

Hemignathus virens

Hawai'i 'Amakihi

360

674.1

Passeriformes

Fringillidae

Hemignathus flavus Species on cover: chloris

O'ahu 'Amakihi

360

674.2

Passeriformes

Fringillidae

Hemignathus kauaiensis

Kaua'i 'Amakihi

360

674.3

Passeriformes

Fringillidae

Hemignathus parvus

'Anianiau

312

674.4

Passeriformes

Fringillidae

Hemignathus sagittirostris

Greater 'Amakihi

360

674.5 Passeriformes Fringillidae Hemignathus obscurus Lesser 'Akialoa 512
675.1 Passeriformes Fringillidae Hemignathus ellisianus Greater 'Akialoa 512
675.2 Passeriformes Fringillidae Hemignathus lucidus Nukupu'u 600
675.3 Passeriformes Fringillidae Hemignathus munroi 'Akiapola'au 600
676.1 Passeriformes Fringillidae Oreomystis bairde 'Akikiki 552

676.2

Passeriformes

Fringillidae

Oreomystis mana

Hawai'i Creeper

680

676.3 Passeriformes Fringillidae Paroreomysa maculata Oahu Alauahio 503
676.4 Passeriformes Fringillidae Paroreomysa flammea Kakawahie 503

677.1

Passeriformes

Fringillidae

Loxops caeruleirostris

'Akeke'e

295

677.2

Passeriformes

Fringillidae

Loxops coccineus

'Akepa

294

677.3 Passeriformes Fringillidae Ciridops anna 'Ula-'ai-h~wane 640

677.4

Passeriformes

Fringillidae

Vestiaria coccinea

'I'iwi

327

678.1 Passeriformes Fringillidae Drepanis pacifica Hawai'i Mamo 640
678.2 Passeriformes Fringillidae Drepanis funerea Black Mamo 640
678.3 Passeriformes Fringillidae Palmeria dolei 'Akohekohe 400

678.4

Passeriformes

Fringillidae

Himatione sanguinea

'Apapane

296

678.5

Passeriformes

Fringillidae

Melamprosops phaeosoma

Po'ouli

272

679.1

Passeriformes

Passeridae

Passer domesticus

House Sparrow

12

679.2 Passeriformes Passeridae Passer montanus Eurasian Tree Sparrow 560

683.3

Passeriformes

Estrildidae

Padda oryzivora

Java Sparrow

304



Last updated February 24, 2011