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Washington 1987-1996

Species Info

Species Information

currently sorted by: species, taxonomic

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Species Alpha Code* Safe date start** Safe date end Habitat
ORDER: ANSERIFORMES
FAMILY: Anatidae (Ducks, Geese, and Swans)
  Canada Goose  CANG / /  
  Trumpeter Swan  TRUS / /  
  Wood Duck  WODU / /  
  Gadwall  GADW / /  
  American Wigeon  AMWI / /  
  American Black Duck  ABDU / /  
  Mallard  MALL / /  
  Blue-winged Teal  BWTE / /  
  Cinnamon Teal  CITE / /  
  Northern Shoveler  NSHO / /  
  Northern Pintail  NOPI / /  
  Green-winged Teal  AGWT / /  
  Canvasback  CANV / /  
  Redhead  REDH / /  
  Ring-necked Duck  RNDU / /  
  Lesser Scaup  LESC / /  
  Harlequin Duck  HADU / /  
  Bufflehead  BUFF / /  
  Common Goldeneye  COGO / /  
  Barrow's Goldeneye  BAGO / /  
  Hooded Merganser  HOME / /  
  Common Merganser  COME / /  
  Ruddy Duck  RUDU / /  
ORDER: GALLIFORMES
FAMILY: Phasianidae (Partidges, Grouse, Turkey, and Old World Quail)
  Chukar  CHUK / /  
  Gray Partridge  GRAP / /  
  Ring-necked Pheasant  RNEP / /  
  Ruffed Grouse  RUGR / /  
  Greater Sage-Grouse  GRSG / /  
  Spruce Grouse  SPGR / /  
  White-tailed Ptarmigan  WTPT / /  
  unid. Dusky Grouse / Sooty Grouse  BGSE / /  
  Sharp-tailed Grouse  STGR / /  
  Wild Turkey  WITU / /  
FAMILY: Odontophoridae (New World Quails)
  Mountain Quail  MOUQ / /  
  California Quail  CAQU / /  
  Northern Bobwhite  NOBO / /  
ORDER: GAVIIFORMES
FAMILY: Gaviidae (Loons)
  Common Loon  COLO / /  
ORDER: PODICIPEDIFORMES
FAMILY: Podicipedidae (Grebes)
  Pied-billed Grebe  PBGR / /  
  Horned Grebe  HOGR / /  
  Red-necked Grebe  RNGR / /  
  Eared Grebe  EAGR / /  
  Western Grebe  WEGR / /  
  Clark's Grebe  CLGR / /  
ORDER: PROCELLARIIFORMES
FAMILY: Hydrobatidae (Storm-Petrels)
  Fork-tailed Storm-Petrel  FTSP / /  
  Leach's Storm-Petrel  LESP / /  
ORDER: PELECANIFORMES
FAMILY: Pelecanidae (Pelicans)
  American White Pelican  AWPE / /  
FAMILY: Phalacrocoracidae (Cormorants)
  Brandt's Cormorant  BRAC / /  
  Double-crested Cormorant  DCCO / /  
  Pelagic Cormorant  PECO / /  
ORDER: CICONIIFORMES
FAMILY: Ardeidae (Herons, Bitterns, and allies)
  American Bittern  AMBI / /  
  Great Blue Heron  GBHE / /  
  Great Egret  GREG / /  
  Green Heron  GRHE / /  
  Black-crowned Night-Heron  BCNH / /  
FAMILY: Cathartidae (New World Vultures)
  Turkey Vulture  TUVU / /  
ORDER: FALCONIFORMES
FAMILY: Accipitridae (Hawks, Kites, Eagles, and Allies)
  Osprey  OSPR / /  
  White-tailed Kite  WTKI / /  
  Bald Eagle  BAEA / /  
  Northern Harrier  NOHA / /  
  Sharp-shinned Hawk  SSHA / /  
  Cooper's Hawk  COHA / /  
  Northern Goshawk  NOGO / /  
  Swainson's Hawk  SWHA / /  
  Red-tailed Hawk  RTHA / /  
  Ferruginous Hawk  FEHA / /  
  Golden Eagle  GOEA / /  
FAMILY: Falconidae (Falcons and Caracaras)
  American Kestrel  AMKE / /  
  Merlin  MERL / /  
  Peregrine Falcon  PEFA / /  
  Prairie Falcon  PRFA / /  
ORDER: GRUIFORMES
FAMILY: Rallidae (Rails, Gallinules, and Coots)
  Virginia Rail  VIRA / /  
  Sora  SORA / /  
  American Coot  AMCO / /  
FAMILY: Gruidae (Cranes)
  Sandhill Crane  SACR / /  
ORDER: CHARADRIIFORMES
FAMILY: Charadriidae (Lapwings and Plovers)
  Snowy Plover  SNPL / /  
  Killdeer  KILL / /  
FAMILY: Haematopodidae (Oystercatchers)
  Black Oystercatcher  BLOY / /  
FAMILY: Recurvirostridae (Stilts and Avocets)
  Black-necked Stilt  BNST / /  
  American Avocet  AMAV / /  
FAMILY: Scolopacidae (Sandpipers, Phalaropes, and Allies)
  Spotted Sandpiper  SPSA / /  
  Upland Sandpiper  UPSA / /  
  Long-billed Curlew  LBCU / /  
  Wilson's Snipe  WISN / /  
  Wilson's Phalarope  WIPH / /  
FAMILY: Laridae (Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers)
  Ring-billed Gull  RBGU / /  
  California Gull  CAGU / /  
  Western Gull  WEGU / /  
  Glaucous-winged Gull  GWGU / /  
  Caspian Tern  CATE / /  
  Arctic Tern  ARTE / /  
  Forster's Tern  FOTE / /  
  Black Tern  BLTE / /  
FAMILY: Alcidae (Auks, Murres, and Puffins)
  Common Murre  COMU / /  
  Pigeon Guillemot  PIGU / /  
  Marbled Murrelet  MAMU / /  
  Ancient Murrelet  ANMU / /  
  Cassin's Auklet  CAAU / /  
  Rhinoceros Auklet  RHAU / /  
  Tufted Puffin  TUPU / /  
ORDER: COLUMBIFORMES
FAMILY: Columbidae (Pigeons and Doves)
  Rock Pigeon  ROPI / /  
  Band-tailed Pigeon  BTPI / /  
  Mourning Dove  MODO / /  
ORDER: STRIGIFORMES
FAMILY: Tytonidae (Barn Owls)
  Barn Owl  BANO / /  
FAMILY: Strigidae (Typical Owls)
  Flammulated Owl  FLOW / /  
  Western Screech-Owl  WESO / /  
  Great Horned Owl  GHOW / /  
  Northern Pygmy-Owl  NOPO / /  
  Burrowing Owl  BUOW / /  
  Spotted Owl  SPOW / /  
  Barred Owl  BADO / /  
  Great Gray Owl  GGOW / /  
  Long-eared Owl  LEOW / /  
  Short-eared Owl  SEOW / /  
  Boreal Owl  BOOW / /  
  Northern Saw-whet Owl  NSWO / /  
ORDER: CAPRIMULGIFORMES
FAMILY: Caprimulgidae (Nighthawks and Allies)
  Common Nighthawk  CONI / /  
  Common Poorwill  COPO / /  
ORDER: APODIFORMES
FAMILY: Apodidae (Swifts)
  Black Swift  BLSW / /  
  Vaux's Swift  VASW / /  
  White-throated Swift  WTSW / /  
FAMILY: Trochilidae (Hummingbirds)
  Black-chinned Hummingbird  BCHU / /  
  Anna's Hummingbird  ANHU / /  
  Calliope Hummingbird  CAHU / /  
  Rufous Hummingbird  RUHU / /  
ORDER: CORACIIFORMES
FAMILY: Alcedinidae (Kingfishers)
  Belted Kingfisher  BEKI / /  
ORDER: PICIFORMES
FAMILY: Picidae (Woodpeckers and Allies)
  Lewis's Woodpecker  LEWO / /  
  Acorn Woodpecker  ACWO / /  
  Red-naped Sapsucker  RNSA / /  
  Red-breasted Sapsucker  RBSA / /  
  Williamson's Sapsucker  WISA / /  
  Downy Woodpecker  DOWO / /  
  Hairy Woodpecker  HAWO / /  
  White-headed Woodpecker  WHWO / /  
  American Three-toed Woodpecker  ATTW / /  
  Black-backed Woodpecker  BBWO / /  
  (Red-shafted Flicker) Northern Flicker  RSFL / /  
  Pileated Woodpecker  PIWO / /  
ORDER: PASSERIFORMES
FAMILY: Tyrannidae (Tyrant Flycatchers)
  Olive-sided Flycatcher  OSFL / /  
  Western Wood-Pewee  WEWP / /  
  Willow Flycatcher  WIFL / /  
  Least Flycatcher  LEFL / /  
  Hammond's Flycatcher  HAFL / /  
  Gray Flycatcher  GRFL / /  
  Dusky Flycatcher  DUFL / /  
  unid. Cordilleran / Pacific-slope Flycatcher  WEFL / /  
  Say's Phoebe  SAPH / /  
  Ash-throated Flycatcher  ATFL / /  
  Western Kingbird  WEKI / /  
  Eastern Kingbird  EAKI / /  
FAMILY: Laniidae (Shrikes)
  Loggerhead Shrike  LOSH / /  
FAMILY: Vireonidae (Vireos)
  Cassin's Vireo  CAVI / /  
  Hutton's Vireo  HUVI / /  
  Warbling Vireo  WAVI / /  
  Red-eyed Vireo  REVI / /  
FAMILY: Corvidae (Crows and Jays)
  Gray Jay  GRAJ / /  
  Steller's Jay  STJA / /  
  Western Scrub-Jay  WESJ / /  
  Clark's Nutcracker  CLNU / /  
  Black-billed Magpie  BBMA / /  
  unid. Crow  UNCR / /  
  Common Raven  CORA / /  
FAMILY: Alaudidae (Larks)
  Sky Lark  SKLA / /  
  Horned Lark  HOLA / /  
FAMILY: Hirundinidae (Swallows)
  Purple Martin  PUMA / /  
  Tree Swallow  TRES / /  
  Violet-green Swallow  VGSW / /  
  Northern Rough-winged Swallow  NRWS / /  
  Bank Swallow  BANS / /  
  Cliff Swallow  CLSW / /  
  Barn Swallow  BARS / /  
FAMILY: Paridae (Chickadees and Titmice)
  Black-capped Chickadee  BCCH / /  
  Mountain Chickadee  MOCH / /  
  Chestnut-backed Chickadee  CBCH / /  
  Boreal Chickadee  BOCH / /  
FAMILY: Aegithalidae (Bushtits and Long-tailed Tits)
  Bushtit  BUSH / /  
FAMILY: Sittidae (Nuthatches)
  Red-breasted Nuthatch  RBNU / /  
  White-breasted Nuthatch  WBNU / /  
  Pygmy Nuthatch  PYNU / /  
FAMILY: Certhiidae (Creepers)
  Brown Creeper  BRCR / /  
FAMILY: Troglodytidae (Wrens)
  Rock Wren  ROWR / /  
  Canyon Wren  CANW / /  
  Bewick's Wren  BEWR / /  
  House Wren  HOWR / /  
  unid. Pacific Wren / Winter Wren  WIWR / /  
  Marsh Wren  MAWR / /  
FAMILY: Cinclidae (Dippers)
  American Dipper  AMDI / /  
FAMILY: Regulidae (Kinglets)
  Golden-crowned Kinglet  GCKI / /  
  Ruby-crowned Kinglet  RCKI / /  
FAMILY: Turdidae (Thrushes)
  Western Bluebird  WEBL / /  
  Mountain Bluebird  MOBL / /  
  Townsend's Solitaire  TOSO / /  
  Veery  VEER / /  
  Swainson's Thrush  SWTH / /  
  Hermit Thrush  HETH / /  
  American Robin  AMRO / /  
  Varied Thrush  VATH / /  
FAMILY: Mimidae (Mockingbirds and Thrashers)
  Gray Catbird  GRCA / /  
  Northern Mockingbird  NOMO / /  
  Sage Thrasher  SATH / /  
FAMILY: Sturnidae (Starlings)
  European Starling  EUST / /  
FAMILY: Motacillidae (Wagtails and Pipits)
  American Pipit  AMPI / /  
FAMILY: Bombycillidae (Waxwings and Allies)
  Bohemian Waxwing  BOWA / /  
  Cedar Waxwing  CEDW / /  
FAMILY: Parulidae (Wood-warblers)
  Orange-crowned Warbler  OCWA / /  
  Nashville Warbler  NAWA / /  
  Yellow Warbler  YWAR / /  
  (unid. Myrtle/Audubon's) Yellow-rumped Warbler  YRWA / /  
  Black-throated Gray Warbler  BTYW / /  
  Townsend's Warbler  TOWA / /  
  Hermit Warbler  HEWA / /  
  American Redstart  AMRE / /  
  Northern Waterthrush  NOWA / /  
  MacGillivray's Warbler  MGWA / /  
  Common Yellowthroat  COYE / /  
  Wilson's Warbler  WIWA / /  
  Yellow-breasted Chat  YBCH / /  
FAMILY: Thraupidae (Tanagers)
  Western Tanager  WETA / /  
FAMILY: Emberizidae (Emberizids)
  Green-tailed Towhee  GTTO / /  
  Spotted Towhee  SPTO / /  
  Chipping Sparrow  CHSP / /  
  Clay-colored Sparrow  CCSP / /  
  Brewer's Sparrow  BRSP / /  
  Vesper Sparrow  VESP / /  
  Lark Sparrow  LASP / /  
  Black-throated Sparrow  BTSP / /  
  Sage Sparrow  SAGS / /  
  Savannah Sparrow  SAVS / /  
  Grasshopper Sparrow  GRSP / /  
  Fox Sparrow  FOSP / /  
  Song Sparrow  SOSP / /  
  Lincoln's Sparrow  LISP / /  
  White-crowned Sparrow  WCSP / /  
  Golden-crowned Sparrow  GCSP / /  
  (Oregon Junco) Dark-eyed Junco  ORJU / /  
FAMILY: Cardinalidae (Cardinals, Saltators, and Allies)
  Black-headed Grosbeak  BHGR / /  
  Lazuli Bunting  LAZB / /  
FAMILY: Icteridae (Blackbirds and Orioles)
  Bobolink  BOBO / /  
  Red-winged Blackbird  RWBL / /  
  Western Meadowlark  WEME / /  
  Yellow-headed Blackbird  YHBL / /  
  Brewer's Blackbird  BRBL / /  
  Brown-headed Cowbird  BHCO / /  
  Bullock's Oriole  BUOR / /  
FAMILY: Fringillidae (Fringilline and Cardueline Finches)
  Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch  GCRF / /  
  Pine Grosbeak  PIGR / /  
  Purple Finch  PUFI / /  
  Cassin's Finch  CAFI / /  
  House Finch  HOFI / /  
  Red Crossbill  RECR / /  
  White-winged Crossbill  WWCR / /  
  Pine Siskin  PISI / /  
  Lesser Goldfinch  LEGO / /  
  American Goldfinch  AMGO / /  
  Evening Grosbeak  EVGR / /  
FAMILY: Passeridae (Old World Sparrows)
  House Sparrow  HOSP / /  
 
* Alpha Codes are also known as 'banding codes' (not AOU codes, which are numeric)
** Safe dates represent a window when a singing male is assumed not to be in migration, and therefore on territory. Some atlases do not use safe dates, because they prefer (given present knowledge) not to assume migration or territorial status of all individuals. Safe dates generally apply to the Possible breeding category only when used.
Back to: Washington 1987-1996
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Contact: mwimer@usgs.gov

Last updated: Site - May 2014; Content - various, depending on atlas.
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